Changes of Maximal Muscle Torque and Maximal Power Output of Lower Extremities in Male Judoists During Training
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Purpose. The aim of the study was to follow changes of the maximal muscle torque and maximal power output of lower extremities in male judoists during pre-competition training (PCT). The original hypothesis assumed that different training loads would cause changes of the maximal muscle torque and maximal power output of legs in male judoists during pre-competition training, but not changes of the topography of the maximal muscle torque in all muscle groups. Basic procedures. The study sample consisted of five male judoists from the Polish National Team. Muscle torque measurements in static conditions were performed shortly before PCT (I), after the strength training mesocycle (II) and immediately after PCT (III). Ten muscle groups were examined: flexors and extensors of the trunk, shoulder, elbow, hip and knee. The maximal power output of legs was measured on a dynamometric platform during counter-movement jumps (CMJ) and bounce counter-movement jumps (BCMJ). Main findings. The sums of the muscle torque of both arms and the trunk were changed insignificantly during pre-competition training (PCT). The sum of muscle torque of the right and left lower extremities increased significantly between the measurements I and III. The muscle percent topography of muscle groups also showed significant changes. Maximal power output of lower extremities measured during CMJ decreased significantly, but increased during BCMJ. Conclusion. PCT caused changes of the maximal muscle torque of lower extremities, but the muscle topography of the muscle groups revealed significant changes, too. The maximal power output of lower extremities measured during CMJ decreased.
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