Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 84 | 2 | 76-81
Article title

The Strategies of Coping with Stress in Workplace Used by Surgeons Working in Different Hospitals - A Pilotage Research

Title variants
Languages of publication
The aim of the study was an evaluating the frequency for adapting different strategies within the group of surgeons to cope up with stress and determining the differentiation on their usage depending on the type of the hospital unit and social-demographic variables.Material and methods. The samples were 40 surgeons from hospitals. Following research methods were applied: 1. Latack Coping Scale was used to investigate the strategies of coping with stress; 2. Personal questionnaire was used to obtain general social-demographic data about subjects.Results. The Latack scale is a reliable tool for testing work related stress coping strategies within a group of surgeons. Active strategies are more common than avoiding strategies. Surgeons mostly use Direct action and Positive thinking strategy in coping with stress at work. In turn, Alcohol use strategy is rarely use by subjects to solve difficult professional situations. The lack of significant differences in frequency of usage of particular strategies in correlation with the hospital type was observed. There is positive correlation which is statistically significant between analyzed social-demographic variables and usage of Avoidance/Resignation strategy within examined surgeons. The more experienced, older people are, the more likely it is that they will use this strategy in stressful situations.Conclusions. Surgeons usually use adaptive strategies in coping with stress at work.
Physical description
1 - 2 - 2012
9 - 4 - 2012
  • Department of Psychophatology and Clinical Diagnosis, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
  • Department of Psychophatology and Clinical Diagnosis, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
  • Terelak JF: Źródła stresu, teoria i badania. Wydawnictwa Akademii Teologii Katolickiej, Warszawa 1999.
  • Ogińska-Bulik N: Stres zawodowy w służbach ratowniczych. Wydawnictwo Wyższej Szkoły Humanistyczno-Ekonomicznej, Łódź 2006.
  • Jośko J, Kasperczyk J, Gościniewicz P i wsp.: Stres - jedynie tego nie brakuje lekarzom. Probl Hig Epidemiol 2006; 87: 198-200.
  • Bielecki K: Osobowość chirurga. Postepy Nauk Med 2009; 22: 227-32.
  • Terelak JF: Stres psychologiczny. Branta, Bydgoszcz 1995.
  • Terelak JF: Stres zawodowy: charakterystyka psychologiczna wybranych zawodów stresowych. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego, Warszawa 2007.
  • Terelak JF: Studia z zakresu psychologii. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Akademii Teologii Katolickiej 1997.
  • Ogińska-Bulik N, Juczyński Z: Osobowość - stres a zdrowie. Diffin, Warszawa 2008.
  • Heszen-Niejodek I: Teoria stresu psychologicznego i radzenia sobie. W: Strelau J, (red.) Psychologia. Podręcznik akademicki. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne, Gdańsk 2000, t. 3, s. 465-92.
  • Havlovic SJ, Keenan JP: Coping with Work Stress: The Influence of Individual Differences. J Soc Behav Pers 1991; 6: 199-212.
  • Havlovic SJ, Keenan JP: Coping with work stress: the influence of individual differences. W: Crandall R, Perrewe PL (red.) Occupational stress: a handbook. Taylor & Francis, Washington 1995; s. 179-92.
  • Heszen-Niejodek I: Styl radzenia sobie ze stresem: fakty i kontrowersje. Czasopismo Psychol 1997; 3: 7-22.
  • Brenner GF, Melamed BG, Panush RS: Optimism and coping as determinants of psychosocial adjustment to rheumatoid arthritis. J Clin Psychol Med Settings 1994; 1: 115-34.
  • Basińska, MA, Andruszkiewicz A: Strategie radzenia sobie ze stresem zawodowym przez pielęgniarki a przeżycia i zachowania związane z pracą. Polskie Forum Psychologiczne 2010; 15(2): 53-76.
  • Carver CS, Scheier MF: Situational coping and coping dispositions in a stressful transaction. J Pers Soc Psychol 1994; 66: 169-80.
  • Kneebone II, Martin PR: Coping and caregivers of people with dementia. Br J Health Psychol 2003; 8: 1-17.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Wetzel CM, George A, Hanna GB et al.: Stress Management Training for Surgeons-A Randomized, Controlled, Intervention Study. Ann Surg 2011; 253: 488-94.
  • Arora S, Sevdalis N, Nestel D et al.: The impact of stress on surgical performance: a systematic review of the literature. Surg 2010; 147: 318-30.
  • Sharma A, Sharp DM, Walker LG et al.: Stress and burnout in colorectal and vascular surgical consultants working in the UK National Health Service. Psychooncology 2008; 17: 570-76.
  • Wetzel CM, Kneebone RL, Woloshynowych M et al.: The effects of stress on surgical performance. Am J Surg 2006; 191: 5-10.
  • Moreno-Egea A, Latorre-Reviriego I, de Miquel J et al.: Society and surgery. Burnout and surgeons. Cir Esp 2008; 83: 118-24.
  • Bertges YW, Eshelman A, Raoufi M et al.: A national study of burnout among American transplant surgeons. Transplant Proc 2005; 37: 1399-401.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.