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2010 | 82 | 11 | 626-630

Article title

Clinical Aspects of Diagnosis and Treatment of Elongated Styloid Proces Syndrome


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Eagle's syndrome is a rare cause of chronic cervical and throat pain connected with styloid process elongation. The etiology of this disorder remains unclear. The authors presented four cases of symptomatic, one-sided and both-sided elongation of the styloid process. Moreover, the study presented aspects of diagnosis and treatment of Eagle's syndrome. The Authors especially focused on surgical techniques.








Physical description


1 - 11 - 2010
7 - 1 - 2011


  • Department of Cranial, Maxillofacial and Oncological Surgery in Łódź
  • Department of Cranial, Maxillofacial and Oncological Surgery in Łódź
  • Department of Cranial, Maxillofacial and Oncological Surgery in Łódź


  • Buono U, Mangone GM, Michelotti A et al.: Surgical approach to stylohyoid process in Eagle's syndrome. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2005; 63: 714-16.
  • Cernea CR, Hojaij CH, Carlucci D et al.: First bite syndrome after resection of the styloid process. Laryngoscope 2007; 117: 181-82.[WoS]
  • Chuang WC, Short JH, McKinney AM et al.: Reversible left hemispheric ischemia secondary to carotid compression in Eagle syndrome: surgical and CT angiographic correlation. Am J Neuroradiol 2007, 28: 143-45.
  • Fini G, Gasparini G, Filippini F et al.: The long styloid process syndrome or Eagle's syndrome. J Cranio Maxillofac Surg 2000; 28: 123-27.
  • Mendelsohn AH, Berke GS, Chhetri DK: Heterogenity in the clinical presentation of Eagle's syndrome. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2006; 134: 389-93.
  • Pereira FL, Filho LI, Pavan AJ et al.: Styloidstylohyoid syndrome: literature review and case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2007; 65: 1346-53.[PubMed]
  • Quereshy FA, Gold ES, Arnold J et al.: Eagle's syndrome in an 11-year-old patient. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2001; 59: 94-97.
  • Rizzatti Barbosa C, Lopes EB, Albergaria Barbosa JR et al.: Eagle's syndrome associated with temporomandibular disorder: a clinical report. J Prosthet Dent 1999, 81: 649-51.[Crossref]
  • Setubal Andrade MG, Teixeira Marchionni AM, Crusoe Rebello I et al.: Three-dimentional identification of vascular compression in Eagle's syndrome using computed tomography: case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008; 66: 169-76.
  • Westhuijzen AJ, Merwe J, Grotepass FW: Eagle's syndrome: lesser cornu amputation: an alternative surgical solution? J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1999; 28: 335-37.
  • Albrquerque RF, Muller K, Hotta TH et al.: Temporomandibular disorder or Eagle's syndrome? A clinical report. J Proshet Dent 2003; 90: 317-20.
  • Ghosh LM, Dubey SP: The syndrome of longated styloid process. Auris Nasus Larynx 1999; 26: 169-75.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Lee S, Hillel A: Three-dimentional computed tomography imaging of Eagle's syndrome. Am J Otolaryngol 2004; 25: 109.[Crossref]
  • Lorman JG, Biggs JR: The Eagle syndrome. AJR 1983; 140: 881-82.
  • Bafaqeeh SA: Eagle syndrome: classic and carotid artery types. J Otolaryngol 2000; 29: 88-94.[PubMed]
  • Murtagh RD, Caracciolo JT, Fernandez G: CT findings associated with Eagle syndrome. Am J Neuroradiol 2001; 22: 1401-02.
  • Beder E, Ozgursoy OB, Ozgursoy SK: Current diagnosis and transoral surgical treatment of Eagle's syndrome. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2005; 63: 1742-45.
  • Salomone FN, Falcigilla M, Steward DL: Eagle's syndrome reconsidered as cervical manifestation of heterotopic ossification: Woman presenting with a neck mass. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2004, 4: 501-03.[Crossref]
  • Stavin KV: Eagle syndrome: entrapment of glossopharyngeal nerve? Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg 2002; 97: 216-18.
  • Thun-Szretter K, Jankowska M, Mąkal N i wsp.: Ocena wyrostków rylcowatych na zdjęciach pantomograficznych - doniesienie wstępne. Czas Stomatol 2006; 59: 670-78.

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