Splenic abscess is a rare condition often difficult to diagnose and always fatal, if untreated. It is frequently concomitant with immunodeficiency, especially in hematological disorders.The aim of the study was to share our own experience in the treatment of splenic abscess and to present the review of current literature on the subject.Material and methods. In the period January-June 1997, 8 patients were treated for splenic abscess at the Department of General and Hematological Surgery of the Institute of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine in Warsaw; (6 men and 2 women; mean age 51.3 years). Six patients reported immunodeficiency disorders in medical interview (immunoglobulin deficiency, alcoholism, leukopenia, agranulocytosis, lymphoproliferative disorders).Prior to operation, chest X-rays as well as US and CT imaging were performed for all patients; all were qualified for splenectomy.Results. In all cases, imaging studies revealed splenomegaly and characteristics suggestive of splenic abscess, in chest X-ray of 6 patients typical abscess changes were also found. Classic splenectomy was performed in all 6 cases. The total mass of spleen removed was 365 g-1560 g, mean of 962 g. Procedure duration was 72 to 135 min, mean of 88,3 min. Patients were transfused 1 to 4 units of red blood cell concentrate, mean of 2.1 units. In patients with perisplenitis, priooperative blood loss was greater and the procedure was extended. In the postoperative period, such complications as deep vein thrombosis of lower extremities, portal vein thrombosis, aggrevation of chronic renal insufficiency and circulatory insufficiency evoked by paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were observed in 4 patients. No deaths were reported. Six patients were discharged in a satisfactory state; 2 were transferred to the hematological department for further treatment due to persisting septic state.Conclusion. Despite a high incidence rate of periooperative complications, classic splenectomy still remains the procedure of choice for splenic abscess treatment.