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2009 | 81 | 1 | 23-27
Article title

Lateral Cephalometric Evaluation in Cleft Palate Patients

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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the study. The lateral cephalometric study in children with cleft palate was carried out to find out the cause of maxillary retrusion and to see if there were other changes induced by this entity in the maxillofacial morphology.Material and methods. Lateral cephalometric evaluation of 28 patients with un-operated cleft palate (group A), 12 patients with operated cleft palate (group B) and 10 controls (group C) was done by tracing the lateral cephalographs, marking the various landmarks and taking the mean of each measurements made thrice.Results. It showed significant decrease in maxillary length and S-N-ANS angle indicating maxillary hypoplasia in all group A patients, significantly so in 16-20 years age group. Group B patients having undergone palatal repair in their childhood revealed significant increase in lower anterior facial height, the other parameters being insignificantly altered when compared with control.Conclusions. The findings suggest an intrinsic deficiency not only in maxilla but contrary to the past belief also in mandible. There was no significant difference in the cephalometric measurements between un-operated and operated cleft palate patients.
Publisher

Year
Volume
81
Issue
1
Pages
23-27
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 1 - 2009
online
20 - 3 - 2009
Contributors
author
  • Department of Plastic Surgery, Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
author
  • Department of Plastic Surgery, Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Department of Plastic Surgery, Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
References
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  • Bishara SE, de Arrendondo RSM, Vales HP et al.: Dentofacial relationships in persons with unoperated clefts. Comparisons between three cleft types. Am J Orthod 1985; 87: 481.
  • Mars M, Houston WJB: A preliminary study of facial growth and morphology in unoperated male unilateral cleft lip and palate subjects over 13 years of age. Cleft Palate J 1990; 27: 7.[PubMed]
  • Normando ADC, Filho OGS, Filho LC: Influence of surgery on maxillary growth in cleft lip and/or palate patients. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 1992; 28: 111.[Crossref]
  • Filho LC, Taniguchi SM, Filho OGS: Craniofacial morphology of adult unoperated complete unilateral cleft lip and palate patients. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1993; 30: 376.
  • Rusen KM: Craniofacial morphology in adult nonoperated and operated cleft palate patients. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1996; 33: 384.
  • Bishara SE: Cephalometric evaluation of facial growth in operated and nonoperated individuals with isolated clefts of the palate. Cleft Palate J 1973; 10: 239-46.
  • Robertson NRE, Jolleys A: The timing of hard palate repair. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg 1974; 8: 49.[Crossref]
  • Ross RB: Treatment variables affecting facial growth in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate 1. Treatment affecting growth. Cleft Palate J 1987; 24: 5.[PubMed]
  • Motohashi N, Kuroda T, Filho LC et al.: P-A cephalometric analysis of nonoperated adult cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1994; 31: 193-200.[PubMed]
  • Corbo M, Dujardin T, de Maertelaer V et al.: Dentocraniofacial morphology of 21 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate: a cephalometric study. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2005; 42: 618-24.
  • Gaggl A, Feichtinger M, Schultes G et al.: Cephalometric and occlusal outcome in adults with unilateral cleft lip, palate and alveolus after two different surgical techniques. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2003; 40: 249-55.
  • Stein S, Dunsche A, Gellrich NC et al.: One-or-two-stage palate closure in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate: comparing cephalometric and occlusal outcome. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2007; 44: 456-57.[WoS]
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10035-009-0004-2
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