PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2010 | 3 | 1-5
Article title

Towards evidence-based classification - the impact of impaired trunk strength on wheelchair propulsion

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Introduction: Current methods for classifying impairments in disability sports are based largely on experience and expert opinion, and are therefore of questionable validity. The International Paralympic Committee's Sports Science Committee aims to develop a new evidence based classification system based on the relative strength of association between impairment and activity limitation.Aim: The purpose of this exemplary pilot study is to illustrate the concept of relating consequences of impairment to sport-specific performance determinants in wheelchair sports. This pilot-study examined the impact of impaired trunk strength (impairment) on wheelchair acceleration from standstill (activity).Method: One able-bodied wheelchair basketball player (WB) and one wheelchair tennis player with complete T4 SCI (WT) performed a generic (non-sport-specific) and sport-specific force generation test in varying conditions regarding trunk and pelvic support.Results: The results show that including the abdominal muscles in the generic force generation muscular chain leads to a 41.41% loss of generic force generation in WB compared to 80.59% in WT. As well, including the abdominal muscles during wheelchair propulsion force generation results in a 0% loss of acceleration capacity in WB compared to 42.2% in WT.Conclusion: The current study demonstrates that the impact of pelvic and trunk strength (impairment) on one of the main determinants in wheelchair sports performance (activity) can be measured and quantified. Such knowledge will have implications for rehabilitation and classification in grass roots and elite-level sport.
Publisher

Year
Volume
3
Pages
1-5
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 1 - 2010
online
22 - 11 - 2010
Contributors
  • Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
  • Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
author
  • School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
References
  • International Paralympic Committee. IPC Classification Code and International Standards. Bonn: International Paralympic Committee; 2007.
  • World Health Organization. International classification of functioning, disability, and health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2001. Available from: URL:
  • Vanlandewijck YC, RJ Chappel. Integration and classification issues in competitive sports for athletes with disabilities. Sport Science Review 1996; 5: 65-88.
  • Tweedy SM. Biomechanical consequences of impairment: A taxonomically valid basis for classification in a unified disability athletics system. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 2003; 74: 9-16.[Crossref]
  • Tweedy SM. Taxonomic theory and the ICF: foundations for a unified disability athletics classification. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 2002; 19: 220-37.
  • Hainey T. Disability swimming and classification. In: Steadward R, Nelson E, Wheeler GD, editors. Vista '93 - The Outlook: Proceedings from an International Conference on High Performance Sport for Athletes with Disabilities; 1993 May 14-20; Jasper, Alberta, Canada.
  • Chow JW, Chae WS, Crawford MJ. Kinematic analysis of shot-putting performed by wheelchair athletes of different medical classes. Journal of Sports Sciences 2000; 18: 321-30.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Daly DJ, Vanlandewijck Y. Some criteria for evaluating "fairness" of swimming classification. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 1999; 16: 271-89.
  • Daly D, Malone L, Smith D, Vanlandewijck YC, Steadward R. The contribution of starting, turning, and finishing to total race performance in male Paralympic swimmers. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 2001; 18: 16-333.
  • Higgs C, Babstock P, Buck J, Parsons C, Brewer J. Wheelchair classification for track and field events: a performance approach. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 1990; 7: 22-40.
  • Molik B, Lubelska E, Koxmol A, Bogdan M, Yilla AB, Hyla E. An examination of the international wheelchair rugby Federation classification system utilizing parameters of offensive game efficiency Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 2008; 25: 335-51.
  • Vanlandewijck YC, Evaggelinou C, Daly DD, Van Houtte S, Verellen J, Aspeslagh V, Hendrickx R, Piessens T, Zwakhoven B. Proportionality in wheelchair basketball classification, Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 2003; 20: 369-80.
  • Vanlandewijck YC, Evaggelinou C, Daly DD, Verellen J Van Houtte S, Aspeslagh V, Hendrickx R, Piessens T, Zwakhoven B. Relationship between functional potential and field performance in elite female wheelchair basketball players. Journal of Sport Sciences 2003; 22: 668-75.
  • Vanlandewijck YC, Spaepen AJ, Lysens RJ. Relationship between the level of physical impairment and sports performance in elite wheelchair basketball athletes. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly 1995; 12: 139-50.
  • Zwakhoven B, Evaggelinou C, Daly D, Vanlandewijck Y. An observation protocol for skill proficiency assessment in male wheelchair basketball. European Bulletin of Adapted Physical Activity 2003; 2. Available from: URL: http://www.eufapa.upol.cz/www/images/stories/files/Journals/Compl_Comm1_vol2_iss3.pdf
  • Fliess-Douer O, Hutzler Y, Vanlandewijck YC. Relation of functional physical impairment and goal perspectives of wheelchair basketball players. Perceptual and Motor Skills 2003; 96: 755-8.[Crossref]
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10029-010-0001-8
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.