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2012 | 14 | 3 | 105-109

Article title

The chemical cleaning of ceramic membrane used in UF


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Ultrafiltration (UF) is one of the membrane processes which is mostly used in the dairy industry for the separation and concentration of whey components or fermentation broth. Fouling of UF membranes in the food industry is primarily due to a deposition of microorganisms, proteins, fats and minerals on the membrane surface. Thus, cleaning of the membranes is an essential step of UF separation. The results from investigations of chemical cleaning of a ceramic UF membrane fouled by precipitation of whey components and yeast contained in the fermentation broth are presented. The effect of cleaning procedure on the degree of permeability restoration by the fouled membrane was studied. The results demonstrated that a combination of sodium hydroxide, phosphoric acid and sodium hypochlorite as a disinfectant could be successfully used to achieve an optimum recovery of the membrane properties.









Physical description


1 - 10 - 2012
31 - 10 - 2012


  • West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Institute of Chemical and Environment Engineering, ul. Pułaskiego 10, 70-322 Szczecin, Poland
  • West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Institute of Chemical and Environment Engineering, ul. Pułaskiego 10, 70-322 Szczecin, Poland


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  • 2. Kazemimoghadam, M. & Mohammadi, T. (2007). Chemical cleaning of ultrafi ltration membranes in the milk industry. Desalination. 204, 213-218. DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2006.04.030.[Crossref][WoS]
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  • 11. Xing, C.H., Wen, X.H., Qian, Y., Wu, W.Z. & Klose, P.S. (2003). Fouling and Cleaning in an Ultrafi ltration Membrane Bioreactor for Municipal Wastewater Treatment. SeparationScience and Technology 38, 8, 1773-1789. DOI: 10.1081/SS-120019408.[Crossref]
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  • 13. Tomaszewska, M. & Białończyk, L. (2012). The separation of fermentation broth by ultrafi ltration using ceramic membrane. Membrany i Procesy Membranowe w OchronieŚrodowiska. Monografi e Komitetu Inżynierii Środowiska PAN. (vol. 96, 73-80 (in Polish)).
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  • 15. The norm PN-ISO-7393-3: 1994.
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  • 17. Madaeni, S.S. & Shahram Sharifnia (2000). Chemical Cleaning of Ultrafi ltration Membranes Fouled by Whey. IranianPolymer Journal. 9, 3, 143-151. DOI: 1026-1265/2000.
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