Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 14 | 2 | 22-28
Article title

Biosorption of Pb (II) from aqueous solutions by modified of two kinds of marine algae, Sargassum glaucescens and Gracilaria corticata

Title variants
Languages of publication
In this research, the batch removal of Pb2+ ions from wastewater and aqueous solution with the use o two different modified algae Gracilaria corticata (red algae) and Sargassum glaucescens (brown algae) was examined. The experiment was performed in a batch system and the effect of the pH solution; initial concentration and contact time on biosorption by both biomasses were investigated and compared. When we used S. glaucescens as a biosorbent, the optima conditions of pH, Pb2+ concentration and equilibrium time were at 5, 200 mg/L and 70 min, in the range of 95.6% removal. When G. corticata was used for this process, pH 3, 15 mg/L pb2+ concentration and 50 min contact time, resulted in the maximum removal (86.4%). The equilibrium adsorption data are fitted to the Frundlich and Langmuir isotherm model, by S. glaucescens and G. corticata, respectively. The pb2+ uptake by both biosorbent was best described by the second-order rate model.

Physical description
1 - 1 - 2012
2 - 7 - 2012
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
  • Alloway, B. Y. & Ayres, D. C. (1997). Chemical of Environmental pollution. 2nd Ed., Chapman Hall, pp. 117-213.
  • Volesky, B. & Holan, Z. R. (1995). Biosorption of heavy metals. Biotechnol. Progress, 11, 235-250. DOI: 10.2225/vol10.[Crossref]
  • Vijayaraghavan, K., Padmesh, T. V. N., Palanivelu, K. & Velan, M. (2006). Biosorption of nickel ions onto Sargassum wighiti: Application of two-parameter and three-parameter isotherm models. J. of Hazard. Materials, 133, 304-308. DOI: pjbs.2007.3919.3922.
  • Kortenkamp, A., Casadevall, M., Faux, S. P., Jenner, A., Shayer, R. O. J., Woodbridge, N., & O'Brien, P. A. (1996). Role for molecular oxygen in the formation of DNA damage during the reduction of the carcinogen chromium (VI) by glutathione. Biochem. and Biophy., 29, 199-208. DOI: abs/10.1021/ja974240z.[Crossref]
  • Guibal, C., Roulph, C., & Cloirec, P. L. (1992). Uranium biosorption by a filamentous fungus Mucor miehei: pH effect on mechanisms and performances of uptake. Water Res., 26, 1139-1145.[Crossref]
  • Fourest, E. & Roux, J. C. (1992). Heavy metal biosorption by fungal mycelia by-products: mechanisms and influence of pH. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 37, 399-403. DOI: abs/10.1080/09593332508618378.[Crossref]
  • Figueira, M., Volesky, B., Ciminelli, V. T. S. & Roddick, F. A. (2000). Biosorption of metals in brown seaweed biomass. Water Res., 34, 196-204. DOI: org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00120-7.[Crossref]
  • Davis, T. A., Volesky, B. & Mucci, A. (2003). A review of the biochemistry of heavy metal biosorption by brown algae. Water Res., 37, 4311-4330. DOI: 10.1029/2010GL044771.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Esmaeili, A. & Ghasemi, S. (2009). Evaluation of the Activated Carbon Prepared of Algae Marine Gracilaria for the Biosorption of Ni (II) from Aqueous Solutions. World Appl. Sci. J., 6 (4), 515-518. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-010-0635-2.[Crossref]
  • Esmaeili, A., Ghasemi, S. & Sohrabipour, S. (2010a). Biosorption of copper from wastewater by activated carbon preparation from alga Sargassum sp. J. Nat. Prod. Res., 24(4), 341-348. DOI: org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2012.01.008.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Esmaeili, A., Ghasemi, S. & Rustaiyan, A. (2010b). Removal of hexavalent chromium using activated carbons derived from marine algae gracilaria and sargassum sp. J. of Marine Sci. and Technol., 18(4), 587-592. DOI: org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2012.01.008.[Crossref]
  • Matheickla, J. T., Yu, Q. (1997). Cu (II) binding by E. radiate biomaterial. J. Environ. Technol., 18, 25-34. DOI: abs/10.1080/09593332508618469.[Crossref]
  • Ghorbani, F. & Younesi, H. (2008). Biosorption of Cd (II) ions by Saccharomyces cerevisiane biomass from aqueous solutions. Water and Wastewater, 68, 33-39.
  • Gupta, K. V. & Shirivastava, A. K. (2001). Biosorption of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution by green algae Spirogyra species. Water Res., 35, 4077-4085. DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00138-5.[Crossref]
  • Freundlich, H. (1906). Uber die adsorption in losungen, Zeitschrift fur. Physikalische Chemie, 57, 385-470. DOI: abs/10.1080/02772248.2011.636043.[Crossref]
  • Padmesh, T. V. N., Vijayaraghavan, K., Sekaran, G. & Velan, M. (2006). Application of Azolla rongpong on biosorption of acid red 88, acid green 3, acid orange 7 and acid blue 15 from synthetic solutions. Chem. Eng. J., 122, 55-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2006.05.013.
  • Kundu, S. & Gupta, A. (2006). Arsenic adsorption onto iron oxide-coated cementers and their optimization. Chem. Eng. J., 122, 93-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.01.006.[Crossref]
  • Golder, A. K., Samanta, A. & Ray, S. (2006). Anionic reactive dye removal from aqueous solution using a new adsorbent-sludge generated in removal of heavy metal by electro coagulation" Chem. Eng. J., 122, 107-115. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.09.155.[Crossref]
  • Ho, Y. S. & McKay, G. (1999). Pseudo-second order model for sorption. Process Biochem. 34, 451-65. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.043.[Crossref]
  • Doenmez, G. & Aksu, Z. (2002). Removal of chromium (VI) from saline wastewaters by Dunaliella species. Process Biochem., 38, 751-762. DOI: 10.3906/biy-0810-3.[Crossref]
  • Ag, Y. & Aktay, Y. (2002). Kinetics studies of Cr(VI) and Cu (II) ions by chitin, chitosan and Rhizopus arrhizus. Biochem. Eng., 12, 143-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet. 2005.07.004.[Crossref]
  • Esmaeili, A., Ghasemi, S. & Rustaiyan, A. (2008). Evaluation of the activated carbon prepared from the algae Gracilaria for the biosorption of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions. J. of Marine Env. Eng., 9, 65-73. DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.22010.[Crossref]
  • Matheickla, J. T. & Yu, Q. (1996). Biosorption of Lead from aqueous solution by marine alga Ecklonia radiate. Water Sci. Tech., 34, 1-7. DOI: pjbs.2002.332.334.
  • Kadirvelu, K., Thamaraiselvi, K., & Namasivayam, C. (2001). Removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from an agricultural solid waste. Bioresource Technol., 76, 63-65. DOI: 10.1016/S0960-8524(00)00072.[Crossref]
  • Esmaeili, A., Beirami, P. & Ghasemi, S. (2011). Evaluation of the marine algae Gracilaria and its activated carbon for the adsorption of Ni(II) from wastewater. E-Journal of Chem., 2011, 8(4): 1512-1521. DOI: 10.1155/2011/137484.[Crossref]
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.