Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 14 | 1 | 46-49

Article title

Optimization of process parameters using response surface methodology for the removal of phenol by emulsion liquid membrane


Title variants

Languages of publication



Emulsion liquid membrane technique (ELM) was used for the extraction of phenol from synthetic and industrial effluents. In this study, the liquid membrane used for phenol removal was composed of kerosene as the solvent, Span-80 as the surfactant and Sodium hydroxide as an internal reagent. Statistical experimental design was applied for the optimization of process parameters for the removal of phenol by ELM. The effects of process parameters namely, Surfactant concentration, membrane or organic to internal phase ratio (M/I) and emulsion to an external phase ratio (E/E) on the removal of phenol were optimized using a response surface method. The optimum conditions for the extraction of phenol using Response surface methodology were: surfactant concentration - 4.1802%, M/I ratio: 0.9987(v/v), and E/E ratio: 0.4718 (v/v). Under the optimized condition the maximum phenol extraction was found to be 98.88% respectively.









Physical description


1 - 1 - 2012
3 - 4 - 2012


  • Department of Petrochemical Technology, Anna University of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli-620 024, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Department of Petrochemical Technology, Anna University of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli-620 024, Tamil Nadu, India


  • Ng, Y. S., Jayakumar, N. S. & Hashim, M. A. (2010). Performance Evaluation of Organic Emulsion Liquid Membrane on Phenol Removal. J. Hazard. Mater. 184, 255-260. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.08.030.[Crossref]
  • Busca, G., Berardinelli, S., Resini, C. & Arrighi, L. (2008). Technologies for the removal of phenol from fluid streams: a short review of recent developments. J. Hazard. Mater. 160, 265-288. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.045.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Teresa, A., Reis, M., Ondina de Freitas, M. F., Ismael, M. R. C. & Carvalho, J. M. R. (2007). Recovery of phenol from aqueous solutions using liquid membranes with Cyanex 923. J. Membr. Sci. 305, 313-324. DOI:10.1016/j.memsci.2007.08.016.[Crossref]
  • Frankenfeld, J. W. & Li, N. N. (1987). Handbook of Separation Process Technology. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  • Urtiaga, A., Gutiérrez, R. & Ortiz, I. (2009). Phenol recovery from phenolic resin manufacturing: Viability of the emulsion pertraction technology. Desalination. 245, 444-450. DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2009.02.007.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Park, H. J. & Chung, T. S. (2003). Removal of phenol from aqueous solution by liquid emulsion membrane. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 20, 731-735. DOI: 10.1007/BF02706916.[Crossref]
  • Paulo Correia, F. M. M. & Jorge de Carvalho, M. R. (2003). Recovery of phenol from phenolic Resin plant effluents by emulsion liquid membranes. J. Membr. Sci. 225, 41-49. DOI:10.1016/S0376-7388(03)00319-3.[Crossref]
  • Mortaheb, H. R., Amini, M. H., Sadeghian, F., Mokhtarani, B. & Daneshyar, H. (2008). Study on a new surfactant for removal of phenol from wastewater by emulsion liquid membrane. J. Hazard. Mater. 160, 582-588. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.095.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Park, Y., Skelland, A. H. P., Forney, L. J. & Kim, J. H., (2006). Removal of phenol and Substituted phenols by newly developed emulsion liquid membrane process. Water Res. 40, 1763-1772. DOI:10.1016/j.watres.2006.03.005.[Crossref]
  • Bezerra, M. A., Santelli, R. E., Oliveira, E. P., Villar, L. S. & Escaleira, L. A. (2008). Response surface methodology (RSM) as a tool for optimization in analytical chemistry. Talanta. 76, 965-977. DOI:10.1016/j.talanta.2008.05.019.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Ghafari, S., Aziz, H. A., Isa, M. H. & Zinatizadeh, A. A. (2009). Application of response surface methodology (RSM) to optimize coagulation-flocculation treatment of leachate using poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) and alum. J. Hazard. Mater. 163, 650-656. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.07.090.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Nosrati, S., Jayakumar, N. S. & Hashim, M. A. (2011). Extraction performance of chromium (VI) with emulsion liquid membrane by Cyanex 923 as carrier using response surface Methodology. Desalination. 266, 286-290. DOI:10.1016/j.desal.2010.08.023.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Rajasimman, M. & Karthic, P. (2010). Application of response surface methodology for the extraction of chromium (VI) by emulsion liquid membrane. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Engrs. 41, 105-110. DOI:10.1016/j.jtice.2009.04.010.[WoS][Crossref]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.