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2010 | 12 | 4 | 19-21
Article title

The use of the fluidized bed boiler for the disposal of the multi-material packaging waste

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The paper presents the results of the disposal of packaging waste from two companies: Tetra Pak and Combibloc, carried out in a fluidized bed boiler of rated thermal power 0.5 MW. The material introduced into the fluidized bed boiler underwent thermal and mechanical degradation in a sand bed of the temperature between 750 and 850°C. The process proceeds auto-thermally, without the need of additional fuel. The appropriately chosen fluidization parameters caused the separation of the solid products of combustion from the deposit material. Presence of aluminum, part of it in an un-oxidized form, was confirmed in separated dust. The gaseous products of combustion contained the traces of oxides of nitrogen and sulfur, mainly originating from the remnants of food products contained in the packaging. However, the concentration of these oxides met the requirements of emission standards.
Physical description
1 - 1 - 2010
28 - 12 - 2010
  • Information materials of Tetra Pak Company (2010). Retrieved February 1, 2010, from
  • Nieminen, J. et al. (2001). EP1119646. European Patent Office.
  • Nieminen, J. et al. (2001). EP1119645. European Patent Office.
  • Nieminen, M., Kurkela, E. (2000). EP0972088. European Patent Office.
  • Żukowski, W., Baron, J., Zabagło, J., Kandefer, S. & Olek, M. (2008). Recovery of aluminum from multi-component packaging using a fluidized bed reactor. Pol. J. Chem. Tech. 10(4), 40-44. DOI: 10.2478/v10026-008-0046-y.[Crossref]
  • Brundtland, G. H. (1987). Our Common Future. World Commission on Environment and Development: Oxford University Press. Retrieved February 1, 2010, from
  • Polish Committee of Standardization. (1994). Polish standard: Air purity protection-Tests for dust content-Measurement of concentration and mass flow rate of particulate matter in waste gases by gravimetric method. PNZ-04030-7:1994. Warsaw. (in Polish: Ochrona czystości powietrza-Badania zawartości pyłu-Pomiar stężenia i strumienia masy pyłu w gazach odlotowych metodą grawimetryczną).
  • Ordinance of the Minister of Environment of December 20, 2005 on emission standards from installations, Official Journal of Laws of 2005, No. 260, item 2181 (in Polish: Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 20 grudnia 2005r. w sprawie standardów emisyjnych z instalacji, Dz.U. 2005 nr 260, poz. 2181).
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