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2010 | 12 | 4 | 1-5
Article title

Quaternary phosphonium salts as effective extractants of zinc(II) and iron(III) ions from acidic pickling solutions

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EN
Abstracts
EN
Extraction of zinc(II) and iron(III) from hydrochloric acid solutions using quaternary phosphonium salts, Cyphos® IL 101, Cyphos® IL 104, Cyphos® IL109 and Cyphos® IL 111 in mixtures with toluene, was studied. Trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium chloride (Cyphos® IL 101) and trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinate (Cyphos® IL 104) showed the best zinc(II) and iron(III) extraction abilities. After three stages of zinc(II) extraction with Cyphos® IL 101 and Cyphos® IL 104 the efficiencies were 100 and 93.6%, respectively. Total iron(III) transport to the organic phase was achieved after two separation stages and amounted to 82.1 and 100% for Cyphos® IL 101 and Cyphos® IL 104, respectively. Zinc(II) and iron(III) could be effectively stripped from the loaded organic phases with 0.5 mol dm-3 sulfuric acid. The more hydrophobic the character of the anion type of phosphonium salts, the lower the efficiency of extraction.
Publisher

Year
Volume
12
Issue
4
Pages
1-5
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 1 - 2010
online
28 - 12 - 2010
Contributors
  • Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Poznan University of Technology, pl. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 2, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
  • Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Poznan University of Technology, pl. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 2, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
author
  • Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Poznan University of Technology, pl. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 2, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
  • Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Poznan University of Technology, pl. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 2, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_v10026-010-0039-5
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