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2010 | 12 | 3 | 19-23

Article title

Removal of phenols from aqueous solutions with solvating extractants


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The removal of selected phenols (phenol, 4-methoxyphenol, 4-fluorophenol, 4-nitrophenol, 4-methylphenol, 4-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol) from aqueous streams by liquid-liquid extraction is studied. Butylene and propylene carbonate - are used as green extractants. They permit to remove almost 100% of the examined phenols from feed solutions of phenol concentration about 20 g/dm3. Additionally, stripping of phenols from loaded organic phases is carried out with NaOH. The results of extraction parameters for alkylene carbonates (extraction efficency and distribution ratio) are compared with commercial solvating extractant - Cyanex 923.









Physical description


1 - 1 - 2010
27 - 9 - 2010


  • Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Poznan University of Technology, pl. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 2, 60-965 Poznan, Poland
  • Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Poznan University of Technology, pl. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 2, 60-965 Poznan, Poland


  • Lin, S. H. & Juang, R. S. (2009). Adsorption of Phenol and Its Derivatives from Water Using Synthetic Resins and Low-Cost Natural Adsorbents: A Review. J. Environ. Manage. 90, 1336-1349. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.09.003.[Crossref]
  • Alkaram, U. F., Mukhlis, A. A. & Al-Dujaili, A. H. (2009). The Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption Using Surfactant-Modified Bentonite and Kaolinite. J. Hazard. Mater. 169, 324-332. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.03.153.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Caetano, M., Valderrama, C., Farran, A. & Cortina, J. L. (2009). Phenol Removal from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption and Ion Exchange Mechanisms onto Polymeric Resins. J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 338, 402-409. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2009.06.062.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Agarwal, S., Ferreira, A. E., Reis, M. T. A., Ismael, M. R. C., Ferreira, L. M., Machado, R. M. & Carvalho, J. M. R. (2009). A Study on a Combined Process for the Treatment of Phenolic Resin Plant Effluents. J. Hazard. Mater. 169, 659-666. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.03.139.[WoS][Crossref]
  • Kujawski, W., Warszawski, A., Ratajczak, W., Porębski, T., Capata, W. & Ostrowska, I. (2004). Removal of Phenol from Wastewater by Different Separation Techniques. Desalination 163, 287-296. DOI: 10.1016/S0011-9164(04)90202-0.[Crossref]
  • Cichy, W. & Szymanowski, J. (2002). Recovery of Phenol from Aqueous Streams in Hollow Fiber Modules. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36, 2088-2093. DOI: 10.1021/es010910w.[Crossref]
  • Busca, G., Berardinelli, S., Resini, C. & Arrighi, L. (2008). Technologies for the Removal of Phenol from Fluid Streams: A Short Review of Recent Developments. J. Hazard. Mater. 160, 265-288. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.03.045.[Crossref][WoS]
  • Olejniczak, J., Staniewski, J. & Szymanowski, J. (2005). Extraction of phenols and phenyl acetates with diethyl carbonate. Anal. Chim. Acta, 535, 251-257. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2004.11.080.[Crossref]
  • Lyman, W. J. (1990). Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. Washington, USA: ACS.
  • Huntsman, Jeffsol® Alkylene Carbonates in Personal Care, Technical Bulletin, 2003. Retrieved January 2010, from:
  • Regel-Rosocka, M. & Szymanowski, J. (2005). Direct Yellow and Methylene Blue Liquid-Liquid Extraction with Alkylene Carbonates. Chemosphere 60, 1151-1156. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.01.019.[Crossref]
  • Dziwinski, E. & Szymanowski, J. (1998). Composition of Cyanex 923, Cyanex 925, Cyanex 921 and TOPO. Solvent Extr. Ion Exc. 16(6), 1515-1525. DOI: 10.1080/07366299808934592.[Crossref]

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