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2009 | 11 | 1 | 50-54

Article title

Preparations and production technologies of cleansing milks based on cenosphere obtained from flying ashes


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Application of cenosphere obtained from flying ashes as effective abrasive for cleansing milks was analyzed in the paper. Preparations and production technology of ten milks with various contents of cenosphere (from 2% to 20%) were designed. The products were tested to determine their most important usable properties. The efficiency of application and dispersion, cleansing ability, ability to emulsify fatty soils and destructing activity, measured as polish of surfaces, were analyzed. Selected trade products were tested analogously. The results obtained show that cenosphere can be a good replacement of abrasives that are widely used. The cenosphere-based products revealed comparable usable properties to the trade products (or even better). It is probable that producers of cleansers will pay their attention to this waste, which will bring profits to the natural environment.









Physical description


1 - 1 - 2009
6 - 4 - 2009


  • Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Radom, ul. Chrobrego 27, 26-600 Radom, Poland
  • Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Radom, ul. Chrobrego 27, 26-600 Radom, Poland
  • Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Radom, ul. Chrobrego 27, 26-600 Radom, Poland


  • Pichor, W. & Petri, M. (2003), Properties of the cenospheres from coal ash, Ceramics 80, 705-710 (in Polish).
  • Technical brochure ZUTER S.A. (2008, July), from
  • Sulek, M.W., Wasilewski, T., Zieba, M. & Sas, W. (2007), The application of microsphere as abrasive in household chemistry products, Polish Journal of Commodity Science 3, 70 - 76.
  • Przondo, J. (2007), Surfactants and their use in household products, Ed. Technical Uni-versity of Radom, Radom, Poland, (in Polish).
  • Hauthal, H.G. & Wagner, G. (2004), Household Cleaning, Care and Maintenance Products, H.Ziolkowsky GmbH, Germany.
  • Lange, K.R. (1994), Detergents and Cleaners, CH Verlag, Germany.
  • Sulek, M.W., Wasilewski, T. & Pomagalska, M. (2004), Commodity science aspects of applications of alkyl polyglycosides in cosmetics and household products, Commodity Science in accordance with integration with European Union, Ed. Institute for Sustain-able Technologies, 625 - 629 (in Polish).
  • Arct, J. (1994), Washing, cleaning and scouring in house-hold Part.3. Drugstore News 4, 25 - 27 (in Polish).
  • Sulek, M.W., Klimaszewska, E. & Pytlas, K. (2008), Selected Physicochemical Properties of Cream Cleaners of Strongly Contamined Surfaces as Characteristics of the Quality Assessment Products, Polish Journal of Commodity Science 1, 71-101 (in Polish).

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