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2008 | 10 | 4 | 28-33

Article title

Principles of municipal waste management in Poland and selected regions of Europe


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High level of production and consumption in member-countries of the European Union is connected with generating a considerable amount of waste. In individual EU member-countries various methods aiming at decreasing the amount of generated waste are implemented. The current situation in Poland, and the best practical solutions introduced in some European regions have been presented in the paper. These solutions were put in place, mainly to fulfill the EU or country's regulations. The priority of municipal waste management measures is to prevent and minimize its generation. Decisions on preventing waste generation should be made as early as at the stage of product designing and manufacturing. The basic principle of proper municipal waste management is to create a system of regional solutions, which includes all the elements of waste management and relates them to the local conditions.









Physical description


1 - 1 - 2008
7 - 1 - 2009


  • Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Wybickiego 7, 31-261 Kraków, Poland
  • Institute of Inorganic Chemistry and Technology, Cracow University of Technology, ul. Warszawska 24, 31-155 Kraków, Poland


  • Less waste and cleaner water in Europe by 2020? Retrieved October 27, 2008, from http://www.europarl.europa.eu, and
  • Kulczycka, J. (ed.) (2007). The rules of municipal waste management in Poland and selected European regions-best practice (Zasady zarządzania odpadami komunalnymi w Polsce i wybranych obszarach Europy - najlepsze praktyki). Kraków, Polska: Wydawnictwo IGSMiE PAN.
  • European Waste Management, project Interreg 3 C. Retrieved October 27, 2008, from
  • Potter, A. & Gentil E., Towards sustainable recycling in selected EU regions and member state. Retrieved October 27, 2008, from
  • Act on waste from 27 April 2001 (with changes). Retrieved October October 27, 2008, from
  • The 2010 National Waste Management Plan (Krajowy Plan Gospodarki Odpadami 2010) (2006). Warszawa, Polska, Retrieved October 27, 2008, from
  • Directive94/62/EC packaging and. packaging waste,. (Dyrektywa Parlamentu Europejskiego i Rady 94/62/WE z dnia 20 grudnia 1994 r. w sprawie opakowań i odpadów opakowaniowych). Retrieved October 27, 2008, from
  • Council Directive 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste, (Dyrektywa Rady 1999/31/WE z dnia 26 kwietnia 1999 r. w sprawie składowania odpadów). Retrieved October 27, 2008, from
  • Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 of 1 February 1993 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the European Community, (Rozporządzenie Rady (EWG) 259/93 z dnia 1 lutego 1993 r. w sprawie nadzoru i kontroli przesyłania odpadów w obrębie, do Wspólnoty Europejskiej oraz poza jej obszar). Retrieved October 27, 2008, from
  • Rosik-Dulewska, Cz. (2007). Basis for waste management (Podstawy gospodarki odpadami). Warszawa, Polska: Wyd. Naukowe PWN.
  • Lipińska, A., Kulczycka, J., Kowalski, Z. (2004). Ecological and economic analysis of energy production from municipal waste. New Agrochemicals and Their Safe Use for Health and Environment. Prague, Brussels, Czech Republic, Belgium: Czech-Pol Trade.

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Publication order reference


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