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Number of results
2007 | 9 | 3 | 51-55

Article title

Studies on solidification of wastes from metal coating


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There are over 1000 electroplating workshops functioning in Poland; they are agglomerated in automotive industry, agricultural and construction machines industry, precision instruments industry, electronics, electrotechnics, etc.2. The chemical composition of wastes from galvanizing plants strictly depends on the technological processes as well as the methods of neutralization of industrial wastewaters. The wastes mentioned can be neutralized, among other possibilities, using cement, fly ashes or lime. The material that gains the widest applicability for treating a wide spectrum of hazardous wastes is Portland cement. Using cement enables an improvement of the physical (solidifying) and chemical characteristics of various kinds of wastes, that ensures a decrease in the mobility of contaminants (stabilization). The process using Portland cement (CEM I 32,5 R) was used towards galvanic sludges. The results presented in this article allow for the assesment of the applicability of mixture of cement with mortar sand, as well as the mixture of cement and flotation tailings for the stabilizing and solidifying galvanic sludge, containing mainly Cr, Cu, Zn and Ni. The presented study was also concentrated on the limitation in the transport of leached contaminants to the environment, the reduction of the solubility of hazardous contaminants, as well as a change in the physical structure of the waste - in other words, derivation of the product that could be mechanically durable during transport and storage.









Physical description


1 - 1 - 2007
6 - 11 - 2007


  • Institute of Environment Protection Engineering, Wroclaw University of Technology, Plac Grunwaldzki 9, 50-377 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Institute of Environment Protection Engineering, Wroclaw University of Technology, Plac Grunwaldzki 9, 50-377 Wroclaw, Poland


  • Batchelor B.: Overview of waste stabilization with cement. Waste Management 26, 689 - 698. Elsevier Inc., 2006.[Crossref]
  • GUS: Ochrona środowiska 2005. Departament Statystyki Rolnictwa i Środowiska. Warszawa, 2005.
  • Dziennik Ustaw nr 112, Poz. 1206: Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 27 września 2001 r. w sprawie katalogu odpadów.
  • Dziennik Ustaw nr 168, Poz. 1763: Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 8 lipca 2004 r. w sprawie warunków, jakie należy spełnić przy wprowadzaniu ścieków do wód lub do ziemi, oraz w sprawie substancji szczególnie szkodliwych dla środowiska wodnego.
  • Dziennik Ustaw nr 186, Poz. 1552 i 1553: Rozporządzenie Ministra Gospodarki i Pracy z dnia 7 września 2005 r. w sprawie kryteriów oraz procedur dopuszczania odpadów do składowania na składowisku odpadów danego typu.
  • Magalhaes M., Silva E., Castro P., Labrincha A.: Phisical and chemical characterisation of metal finishing industrial wastes, Journal of Environmental Management, 2005, 72, 157 - 166.
  • Paria S., Yuet P. K.: Solidification/Stabilization of Organic and Inorganic Contaminants using Portland Cement: A Literature Review. Published in Environmental Reviews, Vol 14, P 217 - 255, 2006.
  • Spence R. D., Shi C.: Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes. CRC Press, 2005.
  • Stefańczyk B. i inni: Budownictwo ogólne, materiały i wyroby budowlane, tom 1, Wydawnictwo Arkady, Warszawa 2005.
  • Śliwiński J., Gonciarz B., Luchter-Marchewka E., Tracz T., Zych T.: "Materiały budowlane - ćwiczenia laboratoryjne", Politechnika Krakowska, 2001.
  • U.S. EPA HAZCON Solidification Process, Douglassville, PA. Application Analysis Report. EPA/540/A5-89/001, Office of Research and Development, Cincinnati OH, 1989.
  • U.S. EPA SILICATE TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION'S. Solidification/Stabilization Technology for Organic and Inorganic Contaminants in Soils. Application analysis report. EPA/540/AR-92/010, Office of Research and Development, Cincinnati OH, 1992.
  • Woodart F. E., Curran F.: Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook. Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2006.

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Publication order reference


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