Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2007 | 9 | 1 | 43-50

Article title

The influence of organic diluents and solvents on the stability of PVC plastisol water dispersions


Title variants

Languages of publication



The work presents the research, the aim of which is to specify the influence of organic diluents and solvents such as xylene, toluene, n-butyl acetate and butanol as well as cyclohexanone on the stability of water dispersions of the PVC plastisol containing various surface-active agents (SAA). The applied surfactants were characterised by a specific ethoxylation number, molecular mass, the Hildebrand parameter, hydrophilic-hydrophobic balance, surface activity, the limiting viscosity number, the Haller interaction constant, the limiting equivalent conductivity and the Kohlrausch-Onsager equation "b" constant. Basing on the molar refraction and the Hildebrand parameter, the interactions between the plastisol constituents and the constituents of water dispersions of the PVC plastisol were established. The sedimentation tests on the PVC plastisol water dispersions stabilized by various surface-active agents with an organic diluent or solvent added indicated that the addition resulted in the dispergation yield, a reduction in the PVC plastisol molecular size in water dispersion and the increased Huggins interaction constant, showing both surface lyophilisation and higher adsorption of surface-active agents.









Physical description


1 - 1 - 2007
3 - 7 - 2007


  • The Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, The University of Technology and Agriculture, ul. Seminaryjna 3, 85-326 Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • The Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, The University of Technology and Agriculture, ul. Seminaryjna 3, 85-326 Bydgoszcz, Poland


  • Chatfield H. W.:(Ed.), Surface Coatings, Ernest Benn Ltd. London 1968.
  • Uhlig H. H.: Corrosion and corrosion control, An introduction to metallic corrosion science and engineering, Wiley, New York 1963.
  • Tomashov N.: Theory of the corrosion and protection of metals, Mac Millan, New York 1996.
  • Fontana M. G., Greene N. D.: Corrosion engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York 1967.
  • Spychaj T., Spychaj S.: Farby i kleje wodorozcien´czalne, WNT, Warszawa 1996.
  • Ochrimienko I. S., Wercholancew W. W.: Chemia i technologia substancji błonotwórczych, WNT, Warszawa 1982.
  • Dutkiewicz E. T.: Fizykochemia powierzchni, WNT, Warszawa 1998.
  • Sonntag H.: Koloidy, PWN Warszawa 1982.
  • Adamson A. W.: Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, Wiley, New York 1990.
  • Goodwin J. W.: An Introduction to Polymer Colloids, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers 1990.
  • Fleer G. J., Cohen S. M., Schentjens J. M., Cosgrove T., Vincent B.: Polymers at Interfaces, London, Chapmann and Hall 1993.
  • Napper H.: Stabilizacja koloidnych dispersji polimerami, Moskva, Mir 1986.
  • Pigon´ K., Ruziewicz Z.: Chemia fizyczna, PWN 1976.
  • Sherman P.: Emulsje, Leningrad, Chimija 1972.
  • Ottewill R. H., Goodwin J. W.: Colloidal Dispersions, Academic Press 1993.
  • Tadros Th. F.: The Effects of Polymers on Dispersion Properties, Academic Press, London 1982.
  • Ottewill R. H.: In: Polymeric Dispersions: Principles and Applications, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997.
  • Israelachvili J. N.: Intermolecular and Surface Forces, London, Academic Press 1985.
  • Howe A. M., Clarke A., Whitesides T. H.: Langmuir, 1997, 13, s. 2617.
  • Hayakawa K., Kawaguchi M., Kato T.: Langmuir, 1997, 13, s. 6069.
  • Weiss A., Dingenouts N., Ballauff M., Seuff H., Richtering W.: Langmuir, 1998, 14, s. 5083.
  • Van Krevelen D. W.: Properties of polymer correlations with chemical structure, Elsevier Pubishing Company, Amsterdam-London, New York 1972.
  • Rebinder P. A.: Uspiekhi kolloidnoi khimii, Nauka, Moskwa 1976.
  • Tager A. A.: Fizykohimija polimerov, Khimja, Moskva 1968.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.