PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | 1 | 1-9
Article title

Carbon nanotube assisted sol-gel based hollow fiber solidphase
microextraction combined with pre-heating injectionhigh
performance liquid chromatography as a novel sample
preparation method for determination of nitroaromatics

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
A solid-phase microextraction sorbent composite was developed
using the sol-gel technique. The multi-walled carbon nanotubes
(MWCNTs) were added to a nanocomposite and the homogeneous,
doped composite was injected into a polypropylene hollow
fiber. This device has been applied for the determination of
three nitro aromatic compounds, including m-nitroaniline (NA),
nitrobenzene (NB) and p-nitrotoluene (NT), in environmental waters
via direct immersion hollow fiber solid-phase microextraction
(HF-SPME) and high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array
detector (HPLC-PDA). The results illustrated that this new technique is a
simple and reliable method for SPME device preparation: the prepared
sorbent did not swell in organic solvents and possessed high mechanical
strength; the SPME device employed was not fragile because of the
polypropylene protector fiber; and, the fiber was disposable such that no
carry-over effects were present. A homemade, pre-heating electrical device
was designed for the back-extraction and pre-concentration of the analytes
and was utilized before the HPLC injection step. Using this trap significantly
increased the efficiency and analyte pre-concentration factors. In optimal
conditions, the detection limits of the analytes varied between 0.1 and
3.0 ng mL-1 (n=8), precision was in the range of 0.41–4.19% (n = 3)
and linear ranges were within 1.0 - 1000 ng mL-1 for m-nitroaniline;
0.5 - 1000 ng mL-1 for nitrobenzene and 5.0 - 1000 ng mL-1 for
p-nitrotoluene. The method was successfully applied to the analysis of
environmental water samples with recoveries from 87.9 to 96.1%.
Publisher

Year
Volume
1
Pages
1-9
Physical description
Dates
online
10 - 06 - 2013
accepted
12 - 03 - 2013
received
29 - 9 - 2012
Contributors
  • Department of Chemistry,
    Faculty of Sciences, Gorgan Branch,
    Islamic Azad University,
    Gorgan, Iran
  • Department of Chemistry,
    Payame Noor University,
    19395-4697 Tehran,
    I.R. of IRAN, eshaghi@pnu.ac.ir
  • Department of Chemistry,
    Faculty of Sciences,
    Ferdowsi University of Mashhad,
    Mashhad, Iran
References
  • [1] Lewis R.J., Sax’s Dangerous Properties of IndustrialMaterials, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1992.
  • [2] Kataoka H., Derivatization reactions for the determinationof amines by gas chromatography and their applications inenvironmental analysis, J. Chromatogr. A, 1996, 733, 19-34.
  • [3] Liotta L.F., GruttadauriaM., Di Carlo G., Perrini G., Librando V.,Heterogeneous catalytic degradation of phenolic substrates:Catalysts activity, J. Haz. Mat., 2009, 162, 588-606.
  • [4] EPA Method 1625, Fed Reg US Government Print Office,Washington DC, 1994.
  • [5] Ni Y., Wang L., Kokot S., Simultaneous determination ofnitrobenzene and nitro-substituted phenols by differentialpulse voltammetry and chemometrics, Anal. Chim. Acta,2001, 431, 101-113.
  • [6] Scanlon J.J., Flaquer P.A., Robinson G.W., O’Brien G.E.,Sturrock P.E., Determination of derivatives of diphenylaminein Australian gun propellants by high performance liquidchromatography, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1984, 158, 169-177.
  • [7] Brega A., Prandini P., Amaglio C., Pafumi E., Determinationof phenol, m-cresol, o-cresol and p-cresol, p-aminophenoland p-nitrophenol in urine by high-performance liquidchromatography,J. Chromatogr. A, 1990, 535, 311-316.
  • [8] Ruana J., Urbe I., Borrull F., Determination of phenols at theng/l level in drinking and river waters by liquid chromatographywith UV and electrochemical detection, J. Chromatogr. A,1993, 655, 217-226.
  • [9] Lanin S.N., Nikitin Y.S., Normal-phase high-performanceliquid chromatographic determination of phenols, Talanta,1989, 36, 573-579.
  • [10] Makuch B., Guzda K., Kaminski M., Determination of phenoland monochlorophenols in water by reversed-phase liquidchromatography, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1993, 284, 53-58.
  • [11] Rusu E., Jurcoane S., Rusu G., Rapid evaluation by UVVisand FT-IR spectroscopy of DINOCAP residue in soil:Microbiological implications, Rom. Biotech. Lett., 2010, 15,5801-5812.
  • [12] Norwitz G., Nataro N., Keliher P.N., Study of the SteamDistillation of Phenolic Compounds Using UltravioletSpectrometry, Anal. Chem., 1986, 58, 639-641.
  • [13] Matsuzawa S., Garrigues P., Budzinski H., Bellocq J.,Shimizu Y., Applicability of low temperature high-resolutionfluorescence spectroscopy to the analysis of nitro and aminopolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1995,312, 165-177.
  • [14] Reviejo A.J., Buyo F.J., Application of partial least-squaresregression to the suitability of multicomponent polarographicdetermination of organochlorine pesticides in emulsifiedmedium, Electroanalysis, 1993, 5, 303-309.
  • [15] Kotoucek M., Opravilova M., Voltammetric behaviour ofsome nitropesticides at the mercury drop electrode, Anal.Chim. Acta, 1996, 329, 73-81.
  • [16] Guiberteau Cabanillas A., Galeano Diaz T., Salinas F., OrtizJ.M., Indirect voltammetric determination of carbaryl andcarbofuran using partial least squares calibration, Anal. Chim.Acta,1995, 305, 219-226.
  • [17] Zhao Z., Zhu L., Lee H.K., Analysis of aromatic amines inwater samples by liquid–liquid–liquid microextraction withhollow fibers and high-performance liquid chromatography,J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 963, 239-248.
  • [18] Sarafraz Yazdi A., Mofazzeli F., Es’haghi Z., Determination of3-nitroaniline in water samples by directly suspended dropletthree-phase liquid-phase microextraction using 18-crown-6ether and high-performance liquid chromatography, J.Chromatogr. A, 2009, 1216, 5086-5091.
  • [19] Es’haghi Z., Ahmadi Golsefidi M., Seifi A., Tanha A., RezaeifarZ., Alian- Nejadi Z., Carbon nanotube reinforced hollowfiber solid/liquid phase microextraction: A novel extractiontechnique for the measurement of caffeic acid in Echinaceapurpurea herbal extracts combined with high-performanceliquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2010, 1217, 2768-2775.
  • [20] Rasmussen K.E., Pedersen-Bjergaard S., Developments inhollow fibre-based liquid-phase microextraction, Trends Anal.Chem., 2004, 23, 1-10.
  • [21] Jonsson J.A., Mathiasson L., Membrane extractiontechniques for sample preparation, Adv. Chromatogr., 2001,41, 53-91.
  • [22] Cai Y.Q., Jiang G.B., Liu J.F., Zhou Q.X., Multiwalled CarbonNanotubes as a Solid-Phase Extraction Adsorbent for theDetermination of Bisphenol A, 4-n-Nonylphenol, and 4-tert-Octylphenol, Anal. Chem., 2003, 75, 2517-2521.
  • [23] Cai Y.Q., Jiang G.B., Liu J.F., Zhou Q.X., Multi-walled carbonnanotubes packed cartridge for the solid-phase extraction of several phthalate esters from water samples and theirdetermination by high performance liquid chromatography,Anal. Chim. Acta, 2003, 494, 149-156.
  • [24] Liua X., Ji Y., Zhang H., Liu M., Highly sensitive analysis ofsubstituted aniline compounds in water samples by usingoxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes as an in-tube solidphasemicroextraction medium, J. Chromatogr. A, 2008,1212, 10-15.[WoS]
  • [25] Jeannot M.A., Cantwell F.F., Solvent Microextraction as aSpeciation Tool: Determination of Free Progesterone in aProtein Solution, Anal. Chem., 1997, 69, 2935-2940.
  • [26] Haderlein S B., Weissmahr K W., Schwarzenbach RP., Specific adsorption of nitroaromatic explosives andpesticides to clay minerals, Environ. Sci. Technol. 1996, 30,612-622.
  • [27] Chen W., Zeng J., Chen J., Huang X., Jiang Y., Wang Y., ChenX., High extraction efficiency for polar aromatic compounds innatural water samples using multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Nafion solid-phase microextraction coating, J. Chromatogr.A, 2009, 1216, 9143-9148.[WoS]
  • [28] Guo X., Lv J., Zhang W., Wang Q., He P., Fang Y., Separationand determination of nitroaniline isomers by capillary zoneelectrophoresis with amperometric detection, Talanta, 2006,69, 121-125.
  • [29] Niazi A., Ghasemi J., Yazdanipour A., Simultaneousspectrophotometric determination of nitroaniline isomersafter cloud point extraction by using least-squares supportvector machines, Spectrochim. Acta Part A: Mol. Biomol.Spectros., 2007, 68, 523-530.
  • [30] Zhang H.K., Liang S.X., Liu S.J., Determination ofnitrobenzene by differential pulse voltammetry and itsapplication in wastewater analysis, Anal. Bioanal. Chem.,2007, 387, 1511-1516.[WoS]
  • [31] Liang S., Zhang H., Lu D., Determination of Nitrobenzenein Wastewater Using a Hanging Mercury Drop Electrode,Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2007, 129, 331-337.
  • [32] Tong C., Guo Y., Liu W., Simultaneous determination offive nitroaniline and dinitroaniline isomers in wastewatersby solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquidchromatography with ultraviolet detection, Chemosphere,2010, 81, 431-441.[WoS]
  • [33] Luo L., Wang X., Ding Y., Li Q., Jia J., Deng D., Electrochemicaldetermination of nitrobenzene using bismuth-filmmodified carbon pasteelectrode in the presenceof cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, Anal. Methods, 2010,2, 1095-1104.[WoS]
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_sampre-2013-0001
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.