There is a higher mortality between patients with end-stage renal disease than patients in the general population. These circumstances have led to a search for risk factors as predictors of mortality in dialysis patients. Amongst those, inhibitors of the nitric-oxide (NO) synthesis deserve special attention, since patients with end-stage renal disease are also characterized by accelerated atherosclerosis. Asymmetric-dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric-dimethylarginine (SDMA), as well as C-reactive protein (CRP), have also been recognized as predictors of mortality in patients on dialysis. The aim of our study was to compare the prediction power of ADMA, SDMA and CRP for all-cause mortality in patients with end stage renal disease during the fourteen month follow-up. In total 162 patients on hemodialysis were included. ADMA and SDMA were measured by the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); CRP was measured using immunonephelometric assays. During the 14-month period 28 patients (34.1%) died from all-cause mortality. Using univariate analysis, hazard ratios (HR) of the potential independent predictors of mortality in hemodialysis patients were ADMA (HR 1.39 (1.01–1.91) p=0.043) and CRP (HR 1.024 (1.009–1.1.040) p=0.001). Further, multivariate analysis (MVA), however, showed that ADMA is the only predictor of all-cause mortality (HR 1.76 (1.002–3.11) P=0.049), while SDMA failed to predict death in this population. Therefore, our data shows that ADMA is an independent and better marker of all-cause mortality compared with CRP.