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Journal
2011 | 6 | 4 | 497-501
Article title

Prevalence of nephrolithiasis in polycystic kidney disease

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EN
Abstracts
EN
We aim to define the prevalence of nephrolithiasis, the impact of anatomic and metabolic factors to stone formation and prognosis of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in Albania. We included 200 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney from 2002 to 2009. The patients underwent X-ray, renal ultrasonography. We performed the metabolic evaluation of blood and urine. Survival times were calculated as the time to dialysis, transplantation, or death. Kaplan-Meier product-limit survival curves were constructed. Log rank test was used to compare the survival curves. Nephrolithiasis was present in 116 of our patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (58%), with a mean age 46.4±5.7 years. Sixty five patients with kidney stones (56%) were women. The stones were composed primarily of urate (47%) and calcium oxalate (39%), and other compounds 14%. In 40% of patients the presence of stones was associated with a history of urinary tract infections and flank pain. In our study the prevalence of nephrolithiasis is 58%, higher than it reported in literature. Except anatomic and metabolic factors, there are other contributor factors to stone formation in our patients such socioeconomic status of patients, geographic zones and dietary habits.
Publisher

Journal
Year
Volume
6
Issue
4
Pages
497-501
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 8 - 2011
online
1 - 6 - 2011
Contributors
author
  • Service of Nephrology, UHC “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Service of Internal Medicine, UHC “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Service of Nephrology, UHC “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania
author
  • Department of Public Health, UHC “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania
author
  • Department of Internal Medicine, UHC “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Service of Nephrology, UHC “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania
  • Service of Nephrology, UHC “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11536-011-0043-z
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