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2011 | 6 | 3 | 363-371
Article title

Alcohol consumption among adolescents in Kraljevo, Serbia

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Abstracts
EN
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of alcohol consumption among adolescents in one town in Central Serbia. A questionnaire was used to obtain data from 191 Serbian students aged 18 years regarding personal experience with alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking, along with sociodemographics data. Alcohol consumption was reported by 97.4% subjects, with 34.9% having the first experience with alcohol at the age of 14 years or less. Binge drinking (the intake of five or more drinks at one sitting) was reported by 37.8% subjects. Significantly higher consumption of beer (p<0.0001) and spirits (p=0.03) was observed in boys. The most common reason for both initiation and continuation of drinking, regardless of gender, were celebrations (p≥0.12). Smokers were more likely than nonsmokers to consume all alcoholic beverages more frequently (p≤0.04) and in larger quantities (p≤0.004). More frequent or more extensive alcohol consumption, or both, was associated in boys with frequent going out and socializing (p≤0.01), close peer relationship (p=0.04), alcohol abuse within the immediate environment (p≤0.04), better financial status of family (p=0.04), and parental criticism (p≤0.02); in girls, it was associated with parental disapproval (p≤0.02), alcohol abuse within the immediate environment (p≤0.04), and general discontentedness (p=0.049). Regardless of gender, positive alcohol outcome expectancies increased alcohol consumption (p≤0.048), and negative expectancies decreased intake (p≤0.047).
Keywords
Publisher

Journal
Year
Volume
6
Issue
3
Pages
363-371
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 6 - 2011
online
8 - 4 - 2011
Contributors
  • Medical Faculty, University of Kragujevac, Svetozara Markovica 69, 34 000, Kragujevac, Serbia, natashadj2002@yahoo.com
  • Medical Faculty, University of Kragujevac, Svetozara Markovica 69, 34 000, Kragujevac, Serbia
author
  • Medical Faculty, University of Kragujevac, Svetozara Markovica 69, 34 000, Kragujevac, Serbia
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bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11536-011-0026-0
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