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2011 | 6 | 3 | 372-377

Article title

Correlation between phq-9 score and physical activity level, risk factors and non-communicable diseases in patients in family medicine clinic


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The work of physicians in primary health care is essential in prevention and early detection of health risk factors. To determine the incidence of depression among patients in family medicine clinics, as well as the correlation between depression, risk factors and NCDs, and to determine correlation between depression (PHQ-9 score) and the level of physical activity. The pilot study was conducted from January to March 2010 on 100 patients using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The family doctor randomly interviewed and measured patients’ weight, height, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and cholesterol and noted the presence of earlier diagnosed non-communicable diseases. The data for 92 patients were processed according to PHQ-9 and IPAQ guidelines. Out of 92 patients, 59 (64,1%) had PHQ-9 score ≤ 4 which suggests the absence of depression. The PHQ-9 score median was within normal limits, therefore, treatment was not required and there was no difference in PHQ-9 score median between patients with respect to age and sex. The level of physical activity was moderate in 39,1%, heavy in 35,9% and walking as physical activity in 25,0% of patients. Correlation coefficient between PHQ-9 score and MET score (r=−0,241) was statistically significant (p<0,05), as well as between PHQ -9 score and anxiety (r=0,27; p<0,01). Most studies show a correlation between depression and physical activity. It is essential to promote physical activity in order to prevent anxiety, depression and non-communicable diseases.










Physical description


1 - 6 - 2011
8 - 4 - 2011


  • Department of Social Medicine, Medical Faculty, University of Banja Luka, 78000, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Hezegovina
  • Primary Health Care Center of Banjaluka/Family Medicine Clinic, 78000, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Hezegovina
  • Primary Health Care Center of Banjaluka/Family Medicine Clinic, 78000, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Hezegovina


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