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Journal
2010 | 5 | 2 | 145-149
Article title

Wilson’s disease

Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Wilson’s disease is an autosomal-recessive disorder caused by mutation in the ATP7B gene. Absent or reduced function of ATP7B protein leads to decreased hepatocellular excretion of copper into bile. Subsequent copper accumulation, first in the liver but ultimately in the brain and other tissues, produces different clinical manifestations such as hepatic, neurological, hematological, ophthalmological, and psychiatric problems. Diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion, parameters of copper metabolism, ophthalmic examination (Kayser-Fleischer rings) and a liver biopsy. Genetic studies are of limited use. Early diagnosis and initiation of therapy with chelators and therapeutic plasma exchange therapy are essential for prognosis. Liver transplantation corrects the underlying pathophysiology and can be lifesaving in fulminant hepatic failure. Screening of siblings and 1st degree relatives of the patients is also important.
Publisher

Journal
Year
Volume
5
Issue
2
Pages
145-149
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 4 - 2010
online
17 - 4 - 2010
Contributors
  • Internal Medicine Department, Vakif Gureba Training & Research Hospital, 34100, Istanbul, Turkey, hursitoglum@yahoo.com
  • Internal Medicine Department, Vakif Gureba Training & Research Hospital, 34100, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Gastroenterohepatology clinic, Medikal Park Hospital, 34349, Istanbul, Turkey
author
  • Internal Medicine Department, Vakif Gureba Training & Research Hospital, 34100, Istanbul, Turkey
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11536-010-0004-y
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