I present a first-principles investigation of the vibrational properties of the chiral molecule 3-tert-butylcyclohexene. The vibrational density of states (vDOS) of the two existing conformers has been calculated ab initio within the framework of density-functional theory and density-functional perturbation theory, using both the local-density approximation and the generalized-gradient approximation for the exchange-correlation potential. The vDOS of the two conformers are very similar. The vDOS has been investigated with respect to contributions of the cyclohexene ring and the tert-butyl group and also regarding the localization of vibrational modes. Additionally, the eigendisplacements of characteristic modes of 3-tert-butylcyclohexene have been analyzed.