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2009 | 7 | 3 | 387-394
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q-Gaussian approximants mimic non-extensive statistical-mechanical expectation for many-body probabilistic model with long-range correlations

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We study a strictly scale-invariant probabilistic N-body model with symmetric, uniform, identically distributed random variables. Correlations are induced through a transformation of a multivariate Gaussian distribution with covariance matrix decaying out from the unit diagonal, as ρ/r
α for r =1, 2, ..., N-1, where r indicates displacement from the diagonal and where 0 ⩽ ρ ⩽ 1 and α ⩾ 0. We show numerically that the sum of the N dependent random variables is well modeled by a compact support q-Gaussian distribution. In the particular case of α = 0 we obtain q = (1-5/3 ρ) / (1- ρ), a result validated analytically in a recent paper by Hilhorst and Schehr. Our present results with these q-Gaussian approximants precisely mimic the behavior expected in the frame of non-extensive statistical mechanics. The fact that the N → ∞ limiting distributions are not exactly, but only approximately, q-Gaussians suggests that the present system is not exactly, but only approximately, q-independent in the sense of the q-generalized central limit theorem of Umarov, Steinberg and Tsallis. Short range interaction (α > 1) and long range interactions (α < 1) are discussed. Fitted parameters are obtained via a Method of Moments approach. Simple mechanisms which lead to the production of q-Gaussians, such as mixing, are discussed.
  • Department of Mathematics, SUNY Institute of Technology, Utica, NY, 13504, USA,
  • Department of Computer and Information Sciences, SUNY Institute of Technology, Utica, NY, 13504, USA,
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