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Journal
2014 | 12 | 12 | 1248-1254
Article title

Catalytic production of oxygenated additives by glycerol etherification

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EN
Abstracts
EN
In this work the etherification reaction of glycerol with isobutene (IB) and tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) has been studied with the aim of preparing mixtures with high content of poly-substituted ethers. The results obtained using solid acid catalysts have shown that the reaction with IB proceeds at a high rate but the formation of undesired di-isobutene (DIB) represents a serious problem when catalysts with high density of acid sites, such as Amberlyst, are used. When using TBA as a reactant, the main problem is the formation of water that, due to thermodynamic reasons, prevents the formation of poly-substituted ethers regardless of the catalyst used. Some preliminary experiments carried out with a water permselective tubular membrane have demonstrated that the yield of poly-substituted ethers significantly increases once water was selectively removed from the reaction medium by recirculation of the gas phase.
Publisher

Journal
Year
Volume
12
Issue
12
Pages
1248-1254
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 12 - 2014
online
7 - 6 - 2014
Contributors
  • “Nicola Giordano”
  • “Nicola Giordano”
  • University of Messina
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11532-014-0546-y
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