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2012 | 10 | 4 | 1328-1337
Article title

Prediction of properties of biodiesel-diesel blends using spectrofluorimetry and multivariate calibration

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Regressions based on fluorescence spectroscopy were developed to provide relatively inexpensive and rapid measurements of the concentration, viscosity, and specific gravity of biodiesel-diesel blends. The methods involved obtaining a mathematical model from spectrofluorimetric data and data from a given property (concentration, dynamic viscosity, or specific gravity) using partial least squares (PLS) regression, which was then applied as a model for predicting properties of interest. The predicted concentrations, dynamic viscosities, and specific gravities of the biodiesel-diesel blends were compared with actual values and agreed reasonably well with the obtained results. The models showed high correlation between real and predicted values. The R-square values near 1 indicated excellent model accuracy for predicting concentrations, specific gravities, and dynamic viscosities of biodiesel-diesel blends. The residual distribution did not follow a trend with respect to the predicted variables, indicating an excellent fit to the data. [...]
Physical description
1 - 8 - 2012
29 - 5 - 2012
  • FBA - Federal Institute for Education, Science and Technology, Simões Filho, Bahia, 43700-000, Brazil
  • UFBA - Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, 40170-290, Brazil
  • UFBA - Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, 40170-290, Brazil
  • UTFPR - Federal Technological University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, 80230-910, Brazil
  • UFBA - Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, 40170-290, Brazil
  • UFBA - Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, 40170-290, Brazil
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