Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results


2011 | 9 | 2 | 337-347

Article title

Major elements as possible factors of trace element urban pedochemical anomalies


Title variants

Languages of publication



The relationship between real total contents of the major elements Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, K, Ca, Ti, Fe and the trace elements Ag, As, B, Ba, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn, V, U, Zn in topsoil from the central part of Vilnius is analysed. The amounts of most elements were determined by energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence, while amounts of Ag, B, Co were measured by optical atomic emission spectrophotometry. Two factors were distinguished according to major elements: anthropogenic (A) including Ca, Mg, Fe, P, S and clayey (C) including K, Al, Ti. Boron, Mn, Cr and U are significantly correlated with members of both factors, Sb with none of them and other trace elements either with all (Cu, Zn, Pb, Se, Ba, Ni, Co) or with separate (V, Ag, Sn, Mo, As) members of the A-factor. Only B, Mn, Cr, U (partly their additive index Z1) are influenced by the C-factor, while twelve other trace elements (also their additive index Z2) are influenced by the A-factor. The additive index Z of all 17 elements is also affected by the A-factor. Four groups of sites have been distinguished according to normal or higher contents of both factors. The majority of trace element anomalies are related to the sites affected by the A-factor.










Physical description


1 - 4 - 2011
17 - 2 - 2011


  • Nature Research Centre
  • Nature Research Centre
  • Nature Research Centre


  • [1] A. Kabata-Pendias, H. Pendias, Trace elements in soils and plants, 3rd edition (CRC press, New York, 2001)
  • [2] V. Kadūnas, R. Budavičius, V. Gregorauskienė, V. Katinas, E. Kliaugienė, A. Radzevičius, R. Taraškevičius, Geochemical Atlas of Lithuania (Geological Survey of Lithuania and Geological institute, Vilnius, 1999)
  • [3] J. Lis, A. Pasieczna, Geochemical Atlas of Poland, 1:2,500,000 (Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, 1995)
  • [4] C. Reimann, U. Siewers, U. Tarvainen, L. Bityukova, J. Eriksson, A. Gilucis, V. Gregorauskienė, V. K. Lukashev, N. N. Matinian, A. Pasieszna, Agricultural soils in Northern Europe: a geochemical atlas (Geologisches Jahrbuch, Sonderhefte, Reihe D: Mineralogie, Petrographie, Geochemie, Lagerstättenkinde, Heft SD5, Hannover, 2003)
  • [5] L. Dao, L. Morrison, C. Zhang, Sci. Total Environ. 408, 1076 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.11.022[Crossref]
  • [6] A. Pasieczna, Atlas of urban soils contamination in Poland, (Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny, Warszawa, 2003) (in Polish, summary in English)
  • [7] O. Badr, S. D. Probert, Appl. Energ. 47, 1 (1994) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0306-2619(94)90030-2[Crossref]
  • [8] D. S. Lee, J. M. Pacyna, Atmos. Environ. 33, 1687 (1999) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(98)00286-6[Crossref]
  • [9] P. Adamo, M. Arienzo, M. R. Bianco, F. Terribile, P. Violante, Sci. Total Environ. 295, 17 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00020-7[Crossref]
  • [10] V. Simeonov, J. Einax, S. Tsalovski, J. Kraft, Cent. Eur. J. Chem. 3, 1 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/BF02476233[Crossref]
  • [11] F. Cozzi, G. Adami, P. Barbieri, E. Resenhofer, P. Apostolo, M. Bovenzi, Cent. Eur. J. Chem. 8, 1014 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11532-010-0074-3[Crossref]
  • [12] E. Terzi, G. Argyropoulos, A. Bougatioti, N. Mihalopoulos, K. Nikolaou, C. Samara, Atmos. Environ. 44, 2231 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.02.019[Crossref]
  • [13] M. Krzemińska-Flowers, H. Mem, H. Górecka, Polish J. of Environ. Stud. 15, 759 (2006)
  • [14] F. Amato, M. Pandolfi, M. Viana, X. Querol, A. Alatuey, T. Moreno, Atmos. Environ. 43, 1650 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.12.009[Crossref]
  • [15] P. Flament, N. Mattielli, L. Aimoz, M. Choël, K. Deboudt, J. de Jong, J. Rimetz-Planchon, D. Weis, Chemosphere 73. 1793 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.08.042[Crossref]
  • [16] A. Dube, R. Zbytniewski, T. Kowalkowski, E. Cukrowska, B. Buszewski, Polish J. of Environ. Stud. 10, 1 (2001)
  • [17] R. Taraškevičius, Technogeniniai cheminiai elementai mieste (Žinija, Vilnius, 1989) (in Lithuanian)
  • [18] R. Taraškevičius, Aplinkos inžinerija 8(3), 137 (2000) (in Lithuanian)
  • [19] R. Taraškevičius, R. Zinkutė, In: D. Čygas, K. D. Froehner (Eds.), The 6th International Conference “Environmental Engineering”, 26–27 May, 2005, Vilnius, Lithuania, Selected papers, Vol. 1. Environmental Protection. Water Management and Hydraulics, (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Press “Technika”, Vilnius, 2005) 292
  • [20] R. Taraškevičius, A. Šiaudinienė, Aplinkos inžinerija 9, 176 (2001) (in Lithuanian)
  • [21] R. Zinkutė, R. Taraškevičius, A. Radzevičius, In: G. Noviks, V. Morozov, R. Tepfers, A. Zemitis (Eds.), Environment. Technology. Resources: Proceedings of the 5th International Scientific and Practical Conference, 16–18 June, Rezekne, 2005 (Rezekne Higher Education Institution, Rezekne, 2005) 227
  • [22] R. Taraškevičius, R. Zinkutė, In: International workshop “Geosciences for Urban Development and Environmental Planning”, 13–18 Sep. 2003, Vilnius, Lithuania (COGEOENVIRONMENT, Vilnius, 2003) 97
  • [23] R. Taraškevičius, R. Zinkutė, M. Jankauskaitė, Geologija 3(63), 135 (2008)
  • [24] M. Jankauskaitė, R. Taraškevičius, R. Zinkutė, D. Veteikis, J. Envir. Eng. Landsc. 16, 5 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/1648-6897.2008.16.5-14[Crossref]
  • [25] Lithuanian hygienic norm HN 60:2004, Maximum permitted concentrations of hazardous substances in soil, Valst. žinios 41-1357 (2004) (in Lithuanian)
  • [26] J.A. Wegelin, A Survey of Partial Least Squares (PLS) methods, with Emphasis on the Two-Block Case. Technical report No 371 (University of Washington, Department of Statistics, Seattle, WA, 2000)
  • [27] D. Ogulei, P.H. Hopke, L. Zhou, J.P. Pancras, N. Nair, J.M. Ondov, Atmos. Environ. 40, S396 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.11.075[Crossref]
  • [28] J. Kumpienė, E. Brännvall, R. Taraškevičius, Č. Aksamitauskas, R. Zinkutė, J. Geoch. Explor. 108, 15 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2010.08.003[Crossref]
  • [29] A.K. Sharma, K.A. Jensen, J. Rank, P.A. White, S. Lundstedt, R. Gagne, N.R. Jacobsen, J. Kristiansen, U. Vogel, H. Wallin, Mutat. Res. 633, 95 (2007)
  • [30] Y. Wu, J. Chen, X. Wu, Q. Tian, J. Ji, Z. Qin, Appl. Geochem. 20, 1051 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2005.01.009[Crossref]
  • [31] V. Baltrūnas, Stratigraphical subdivision and correlation of Pleistocene deposits in Lithuania (methodical problems) (Institute of Geology, Vilnius, 2002)
  • [32] A. Basalykas, V. Dvareckas, Geografija 17, 3 (1981) (in Lithuanian)
  • [33] R. Morkūnaitė, G. Vaitkevičius, O. Valionienė, Uniwersytet Śląski Geographia studia et dissertationes 30, 47 (2008)
  • [34] A. Česnulevičius, A. Bautrėnas, R. Morkūnaitė, T. Čeponis, Geografija 42, 1 (2006) (in Lithuanian)
  • [35] R. Guobytė, PhD thesis, Vilnius University (Vilnius, Lithuania, 2006)
  • [36] V.J.G. Houba, J. Uittenbogaard, P. Pellen, Comm. in Soil Sci. and Plant Analysis 27, 421 (1996) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103629609369565[Crossref]
  • [37] R. Taraškevičius, R. Zinkutė, In: X konferencja „Analitika w słuzbie hydrogeologii, geologii i ochrony środowiska, Warszawa, 21–22 października 2009. Materiały konferencyjne, 30 (Panstwowy Instytut Geologiszny, Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy, Komisja Spektrometrii Atomowej i Cząsteczkowej KChA PAN, Warsaw, 2009) (in Polish)
  • [38] C.S.C. Wong, L. Xiangdong, I. Thornton, Environ. Pollut. 142, 1 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.09.004[Crossref]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.