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2010 | 8 | 3 | 652-661
Article title

Reaction of metals with benzenediazonium tetrafluoroborate in aprotic solvents

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Abstracts
EN
The reaction of metals and glassy carbon with benzenediazonium tetrafluoroborate (BDFB) in aprotic solvents has been studied. During contact of Pt, Au, Ag, Pd, or V with glassy carbon in concentrated diazonium salt solution no change of color was observed. For Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ga, In, Mg, Li, Na, or Zn the process was accompanied by a rapid solution color change, rapid N2 release and the loss of metal sample mass. The copper metal ionization-dissolution was studied by ultraviolet and visible absorption spectroscopy, along with gravimetric and volumetric measurements. A dissolution mechanism was proposed based on kinetic, infrared, and X-ray diffraction data. The 432 nm absorption band appearing after Cu-BDFB reaction indicates formation of the mixed complex [Cu(N2C6H5·(N≡C-CH3)3]+ where the copper atom is covalently bonded to the azophenyl radical and coordinated to acetonitrile (ACN). This complex is thermodynamically unstable and decomposes slowly to a colorless crystalline and a black amorphous phase. The crystalline phase was identified as [Cu(NC-CH3)4]BF4. The amorphous phase is a mixture of products formed by azophenyl and phenyl radical condensation. [...]
Publisher

Journal
Year
Volume
8
Issue
3
Pages
652-661
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 6 - 2010
online
25 - 4 - 2010
Contributors
  • Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Ivan Franko National University of L’viv, 79005, L’viv, Ukraine, kovalch@franko.lviv.ua
  • Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Ivan Franko National University of L’viv, 79005, L’viv, Ukraine
  • Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Ivan Franko National University of L’viv, 79005, L’viv, Ukraine
author
  • Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Ivan Franko National University of L’viv, 79005, L’viv, Ukraine
  • Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Chemical Faculty, Ivan Franko National University of L’viv, 79005, L’viv, Ukraine
  • Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdańsk, 80 952, Gdańsk, Poland
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_s11532-010-0026-y
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