At the Paralympic Games in 2016 paracanoeing will be recognized as a Paralympic discipline. As this competitive sport discipline has just recently been introduced among disabled people this study attempts to present basic rules of this disciplines well as its classification and division into sport categories. The division of paracanoers according to gender, boat type - K-1 (single kayak), K-2 (double kayak), V-1 (single canoe), V-2 (double canoe) - is also described, as well as the system of classification according to the type of disability (in this system three groups are identified: LTA - functional legs, trunk and arms, TA - trunk and arms, A - arms). The study also outlines the process of categorizing competitors into different sport classes which is further divided into functional and medical classification. The study provides a review of literature on canoeing for disabled people and information provided by the International Canoe Federation (ICF) for the provisions of the sport and competitors classification. In the study practical tips on how to adapt equipment to the needs of paracanoers will also be provided. One can assume that in the near future due to its inclusion in the Paralympic Games the interest in canoeing will grow among disabled people who enjoy being active, whereas development of equipment and methods of its adaptation will make this sport discipline available to anyone interested.