Personal Resources and Temporal Satisfaction with Life in Men with Spinal Cord Injury
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Introduction: Satisfaction with life is treated as one of the most important indicators of successful adaptation to life after acquiring disability. Specialist literature describes the phenomenon of the so-called disability paradox which shows that the level of satisfaction with life experienced by persons with permanent injuries is similar to or even higher than that reported by the general population. The development of satisfaction with life after acquiring spinal cord injury is subject to numerous factors, among them the internal factors called personal resources. These include, e.g.: a sense of coherence, dispositional optimism, or a general sense of self-efficacy. Aim of the work: Analysis of relationship between personal resources (sense of coherence, optimism, sense of self-efficacy) and satisfaction with past, present and future life among men with spinal cord injury. Material and methods: The survey involved 86 men with spinal cord injury and the same number of physically able men selected according to the following criteria: age, dwelling place and marital status. The methods employed included The Temporal Satisfaction With Life Scale (TSWLS) by W. Pavot, E. Diener and E. Suh as adapted by S. Byra (experimental version); The Questionnaire of Life Orientation (SOC-29) by A. Antonovsky as adapted by B. L. Block; The Life Orientation Test - Revised (LOT-R) by C. S. Scheier and M. F. Carver as adapted by R. Poprawa and Z. Juczyński; The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) by R. Schwarzer and M. Jerusalem as adapted by Z. Juczyński. Results: The temporal satisfaction with life diversifies the respondents. The men with spinal cord injury declare a significantly higher satisfaction with their past and present life. Moreover, they are characterized by a considerably lower intensity of such personal resources as a sense of coherence and dispositional optimism. The general sense of selfefficacy, which did not vary significantly among the respondents, did not show correlations with the men’s satisfaction with life. Conclusions: The acquiring of spinal cord injury influences the temporal satisfaction with life, however, the character of this influence is shaped by the intensity of personal resources: a sense of coherence (important in the case of satisfaction with past life and expectations concerning the future) and dispositional optimism (significant for the level of satisfaction with present life).
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