Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2012 | 26 | 2 | 5-14

Article title

Body stability of the elderly in the aspect of their daily physical activity


Title variants

Languages of publication



One of the problems of the elderly is to reduce the efficiency of regulation of the balance of the body, often resulting in deterioration of their stability and falls. Whole physical activity is one of the elements which in a measurable way are affecting the ability to function independently in society. Efforts are, therefore, studies aimed at understanding the impact of physical activity on the level of balance control in the elderly and attempts to develop the best strategy for prevention and promotion physical activityThe aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of the regulation of body balance and stability in the elderly in terms of their daily physical activityMaterial and methods: The study included 66 people aged over 65 years of age. Based on questionnaire it was identified the level of health and current level of physical activity. Basic stabilometric parameters were evaluated using AccuGait platform while maintaining a standing upright posture with and without visual control and while the platform was set horizontally and tiltable in four basic directions. Also performed attempts to tilt the body to the limit of stability in four basic directions.The results: Based on analysis of the path length, speed and size swingings fields, it was found that in people who are less active physically disabling visual control did not start a sufficient mechanisms of the body balance control, especially when the base of support is not positioned horizontally. These patients also showed a significant the lack of skills of narrowing the margin of safety when the body was leaned to the backConclusions:Seniors with lower levels of physical activity are generally characterized by lower sensitivity of proprioception. Older people who are less physically active showed deterioration of stability of the body especially in the direction to the back. Physical activity associated only with functioning independently in the home environment may not be a sufficient stimulus of maintenance the efficiency of elderly.










Physical description


1 - 06 - 2012
31 - 08 - 2013


  • Katedra Fizjoterapii Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach: Zakład Kinezjologii
  • Katedra Fizjoterapii Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach: Zakład Fizjoterapii
  • Katedra Fizjoterapii Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach: Zakład Kinezjologii
  • Katedra Fizjoterapii Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach: Zakład Fizjoterapii
  • Katedra Fizjoterapii Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach: Zakład Fizjoterapii


  • 1. Thornby MA. Balance and falls in the frail older person: a review of the literature. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation 1995; 11(2): 35-43.[Crossref]
  • 2. Marchewka A, Filar - Mierzwa K, Teległów A. Właściwości reologiczne krwi a wysiłek fizyczny w procesie starzenia się. Rehabilitacja Medyczna 2009; 13(1): 29-32.
  • 3. Żak M. Ocena wyników rehabilitacji u pacjentów geriatrycznych zagrożonych upadkiem. Gerontologia 2004; 12(4): 182-186.
  • 4. Taaffe DR, Marcus R. Musculoskeletar health and the older adult. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 2000; 37(2): 245-254.
  • 5. Żak M. Ocena ryzyka upadków u osób starszych i możliwości prewencji. Gerontologia 2000; 8(3):18-21.
  • 6. Pruszyński JJ, Kuczerowska A. Upadki. Gerontologia 2004; 12(4):177-181.
  • 7. Biercewicz M, Kędziora - Kornatowska K, Ślusarz R. Specyfika problemów zdrowotnych pacjentów w starszym wieku. Ann Acad Med Siles 2005; 59(5): 349-353.
  • 8. Czerwiński E, Borowy P, Jasiak B. Współczesne zasady zapobiegania upadkom z wykorzystaniem rehabilitacji. Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja 2006; 4(6): 380-387.
  • 9. Czerwiński E, Białoszewski D, Borowy P, Kumorek A, Białoszewski A. Epidemiologia, znaczenie kliniczne oraz koszty i profilaktyka upadków u osób starszych. Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja 2008; 5(6): 419-428.
  • 10. Cukras Z, Prączko K, Kostka T, Jegier A. Aktywność ruchowa osób starszych poddanych całkowitej protezoplastyce stawu biodrowego. Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja 2007; 3(6),9: 286-296.
  • 11. Gross L, Sallis D, Fetal J. Reliability of interviews using the 7 - Day Physical Activity Recall. Res Exerc Sport 1990; 61: 321-325.
  • 12. Skalska A, Walczewska J, Ocetkiewicz T. Wiek, płeć i aktywność fizyczna osób zgłaszających upadki oraz okoliczności ich występowania. Rehabilitacja Medyczna 2003; 7(3): 49-53.
  • 13. Famuła A, Nowotny-Czupryna O, Brzęk A, Nowotny J, Kita B. Telereceptywna i prioprioceptywna sprawność regulacji równowagi a stabilność ciała u osób starszych. Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja 2008; 4(6), 10: 384-395.
  • 14. Błaszczyk JW, Czerwosz L. Stabilność posturalna w procesie starzenia. Gerontologia Polska 2005; 13(1): 25-36.
  • 15. Nowotny J, red. Podstawy fizjoterapii. IV wyd. Kraków: Kasper; 2004.
  • 16. Shaffer SW, Harrison AL. Aging of the somatosensory system: A translation perspective. Physical Therapy 2007; 87(2): 193-207.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 17. Horak FB. Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls? Age and ageing 2006; 35-S2: ii7 - ii11.[Crossref]
  • 18. Chiari L, Rocchi L, Cappello A. Stabilometric parameters are affected by anthropometry and foot placement. Clinical Biomechanics 2002; 17: 666-677.[Crossref]
  • 19. Melzer I, Benjuya N, Kaplanski J. Postural stability in the elderly: a comparison between fallers and non-fallers. Age and ageing 2004; 33(6): 602-607. [Crossref][PubMed]
  • 20. Kelly VE, Schrager MA, Price R, Ferrucci L, Shumway-Cook A. Age-Associated Effects of a Concurrent Cognitive Task on Gait Speed and Stability During Narrow-Base Walking. Journal of Gerontology 2008; 63A (12): 1329-1334.
  • 21. Van Iersel MB, Kessels RPC, Bloem BR, Verbeek ALM, Olde Rikkert MGM. Executive Functions Are Associated With Gait and Balance in Community-Living Elderly People. Journal of Gerontology 2008; 63A (12): 1344-1349.
  • 22. Costello E, Edelstein JE. Update on falls prevention for community - dwelling older adults: Review of single and multifactorial intervention programs. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development 2008; 45(8): 1135-1152.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 23. Kuncewicz E, Gajewska E, Sobieska M, Samborski W. Istotne problemy rehabilitacji geriatrycznej. Geriatria Polska 2006; 2: 136-140

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.