Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | 20 | 4 | 249-253

Article title

Estimation of simple and complex response time development using regression analysis


Title variants

Languages of publication



Introduction.The aim of the study was to determine the age, level of achieving maximum results and growth of reaction time dynamics. Materials and methods. The study included 567 males of age between 7 and 22 years. Study materials included the results of simple reaction time and complex reaction time during progressive period. Conclusions. Progressive period of results' development lasts until the age of about 17-17.5, then stabilization of the analyzed results was observe. The most dynamic growth of all types of reaction time was observed in the analyzed 7 and 8-year-old boys.









Physical description


1 - 12 - 2013
25 - 03 - 2014


  • The University School of Physical Education in Krakow, Faculty of Physical Education, Institute of Sports, Department of Sports Theory and Anthropomotorics
  • The University School of Physical Education in Krakow, Faculty of Physical Education, Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education
  • The University School of Physical Education in Krakow, Faculty of Physical Education, Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education
  • Doctoral Studies at The University School of Physical Education in Krakow


  • 1.Szopa J., Mleczko E., Żak S. (1996). The basic of anthropomotorics. Warszawa-Kraków: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. [in Polish]
  • 2.Raczek J., Mynarski W., Ljach W. (2003). Shaping and diagnosis of coordination motor abilities. Handbook for teachers, trainers and students. Katowice: AWF Katowice. [in Polish]
  • 3.Starosta W. (2003). Motor coordination abilities. Significance, structure, shaping. Warszawa: Instytut Sportu. [in Polish]
  • 4.Hirtz P., Forschungszirkel “N.A. Bernstain” (2007). Phenomena of the human motor development. Schorndorf: Hofmann. [in German]
  • 5.Taware G.B., Bhutkar M.V., Bhutkar P.M., Doijad V.P., Surdi A.D. (2012). Effect of age on audio-visual and whole body reaction time. Al Ameen Journal of Medical Science 5(1), 90-94.
  • 6.Bańkosz Z., Nawara H., Ociepa M. (2013). Assessment of simple reaction time in badminton players. Trends in Sport Sciences 1(20), 54-61.
  • 7.Maćkała K., Cych P. (2011). Factors influencing the response time in teaching and perfecting low start. Rozprawy Naukowe AWF we Wroc³awiu 33, 5-11. [in Polish]
  • 8.Lord S.R., Fitzpatrick R.C. (2001). Choice stepping reaction time a composite measure of falls risk in older people. The Journals of Gerontology Series A 56(10), 627-632. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/56.10.M627.[Crossref]
  • 9.Luchies C.W., Shiffman J., Richards L.G., Thompson M.R., Baziun D., DeYoung A.J. (2002). Effect of age, step direction and reaction condition on the ability to step quickly. The Journals of Gerontology Series A 57(4), 246-249. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/57.4.M246.[Crossref]
  • 10.Der G., Deary I.J. (2006). Age and sex differences in reaction time in adulthood: results from the United Kingdom health and lifestyle survey. Psychology and Aging 21(1), 62-73. DOI: 10.1037/0882-7974.21.1.62.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 11.Kaarin J.A., Dear K., Christensen H., Jorm A.F. (2005). Biomarkers, health, lifestyle, and demographic variables as correlates of reaction time performance in early, middle, and late adulthood. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 58A(1), 5-21. DOI: 10.1080/02724980443000232.[Crossref]
  • 12.Kosinski R.J. (2008). A literature review on reaction time. Clemson University. Retrieved from http://biae.clemson.edu/bpc/bp/Lab/110/reaction.htm.
  • 13.Saxena C., Kaur R., Arun P. (2008). Reaction time of a group of physics students. Physics Education 43(3), 309-313. DOI: org/10.1088/0031-9120/43/3/010.[Crossref]
  • 14.Solanki J., Joshi N., Shah C., Mehta H.B., Gokhle P.A. (2012). A study of correlation between auditory and visual reaction time in healthy adults. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health 2(2), 36-38.[Crossref]
  • 15.Apoorvagiri, Nagananda M.S. (2013). Mental stress and its implications on reaction time. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology 4 (5), 1426-1430.
  • 16.Welford A.T. (1980). Choice reaction time: basic concepts. In A.T. Welford (Ed.), Reaction times (pp. 73-128). New York: Academic Press.
  • 17.Luce R.D. (1986). Response times: their role in inferring elementary mental organization. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • 18.. Schmidt R.A., Wrisberg C.A. (2010). Development of motor skills. Warszawa: Centralny Ooerodek Sportu. [in Polish]
  • 19.Hick W.E. (1952). On the rate of gain of information. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 4, 11-26.[Crossref]
  • 20.Jaworski J. (2012). Environmental and family determinants of selected coordination motor abilities. Longitudinal study on children from rural areas aged 7 to 11 years. Monografie, Kraków: AWF Kraków. [in Polish]
  • 21.Mleczko E. (1991). The course of and conditions affecting morfo-functional development in children from Krakow ages 7-14. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Monograficzne AWF Kraków. [in Polish]
  • 22.Juras G., Waoekiewicz Z. (1998). Temporal, spatial, and dynamic aspects of coordination motor abilities. Studies of human motor skills 3, Katowice: AWF Katowice. [in Polish]
  • 23.Klocek T., Spieszny M., Szczepanik M. (2002). Computer tests of coordination motor abilities. Warszawa: Centralny Ooerodek Sportu. [in Polish]
  • 24.Domholdt E. (2000). Physical therapy research. Principles nd and applications (2 edition). Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co.
  • 25.http://www.schuhfried.com/viennatestsystem10/tests-testsets/ all-tests-from-a-z/. Retrieved 09.11.2013.
  • 26.Lyakh V., Jaworski J., Wieczorek T. (2007). Genetic endowment of coordination motor abilities a review of family and twin research. Journal of Human Kinetics 17, 25-40.
  • 27.Ljach W. (2002). The effect of genetic and environmental factors on the development of motor coordination abilities in children aged 7-10 years. Physical Education and Sport 2, 265-267.
  • 28.Johne M., Poliszczuk T., Poliszczuk D., D¹browska-Perzyna A. (2013). Asymmetry of complex reaction time in female épée fencers of different sports classes. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism 20(1), 25-34.
  • 29. Kemp B.J. (1973). Reaction time of young and elderly subjects in relation to perceptual deprivation and signal-on versus signal-off condition. Developmental Psychology 8, 268-272.
  • 30.Marshall W.H., Talbot S.A., Ades H.W. (1943). Cortical response of the anaesthetized cat to gross photic and electrical afferent stimulation. Journal of Neurophysiology 6, 1-15.
  • 31.Sanders A.F. (1998). Elements of human performance: reaction processes and attention in human skill. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
  • 32.Kandel E.R., Schwarz J.H., Jessell T.M. (2000). Principals of neural science. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • 33.Hirtz P. (1978). Accents of formation of the coordination capacity during physical education classes in grades 1 to 10. Körperziehung 1, 340-344. [in German]
  • 34.Rose S.A., Feldman J.F., Jankowski J.J., Caro D.M. (2002). A longitudinal study of visual expectation and reaction time in the first year of life. Child Development 73(1), 47-61.
  • 35.Jaworski J., Tchórzewski D., Bujas P. (2011). Involution of simple and complex reaction times among people aged between 21 and 80 - the results of computer tests. Human Movement 12(2), 153-158. DOI: 10.2478/v10038-011-0013- y.[Crossref]
  • 36.Hirtz P. (1998). The individual variability of inter-individual motor development. (Ed. R. Ricken). St. Augustin: Academia. [in German]
  • 37.Hirtz P., Dierks B., Holtz A., Ludwig G., Lühnenschloâ D., Vilkner H.J., et al. (2012). Motor skills. Reaction. Schorndorf: Hofmann. [in German]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.