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2013 | 20 | 1 | 35-38
Article title

Martial Arts and Combat Sports – Similarities and Differences in Terms of the Basic Activities of a Coach

Content
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Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Introduction. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that different approaches to the training process in the selfdefense and martial arts, reflected the hierarchical structure of the basic activities of a coach. Materials and methods. Opinions of 159 trainers with many years of experience in capoeira (n=16), taekwon-do ITF version (n=95) and wrestling (n=48) were collected. Diagnostic survey method was used, and the instrument was a questionnaire developed by Tumanian [7] and modified by Januszewski and Sterkowicz [8]. Results. Capoeira and wrestling trainers did not agree as to the status of any of the 20 coach's activities. The biggest differences were in assessing the significance of instructing trainees during competitions, developing planning process and first aid giving. Rsp ranks correlation coefficient = 0.66, p<0.01. Capoeira and taekwon-do coaches had consistent opinions in case of five activities. The largest differences occurred in terms of organizing and judging the competition and instructing trainees during competitions. Rsp rank correlation coefficient = 0.50, p<0.05. The opinions of taekwon-do and wrestling coaches were in line for two activities and the two activities were given different ranks. Rsp rank correlation coefficient = 0.71, p<0.001. Conclusions. Managing technical and physical preparation of trainees, as well as their training process and body control, were the most important activities of a coach in three combat variations. Scientific-methodical research was considered unimportant. None of the surveyed coaches agreed with others on the importance of professional activities, and their rank does not differentiate representatives of the three types of combat.
Publisher

Year
Volume
20
Issue
1
Pages
35-38
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 03 - 2013
online
10 - 07 - 2013
Contributors
  • Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Department of Combat Sports and Weightlifting, 2 Akademicka Street, 21-500 Biała Podlaska, tel.: +48 83 3428776, fax: +48 83 3428800, bujakz@o2.pl
  • The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Department of Combat Sports and Weightlifting, Department of Sports Theory
  • The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Department of Combat Sports and Weightlifting, Department of Sports Theory
References
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  • Harasymowicz J. (2007). Competences of combat sports and martial arts educators in light of the holistic fair self-defence model of training. Archives of Budo, 3 (7), 7-14.
  • Choi H.H. (1965). Taekwon-do: the art of self-defence. South Korea: Daeha.
  • Capoeira N. (2002). Capoeira. Roots of the dance-fight-game. Berkeley, USA: Blue Snake Books.
  • Chapman M. (2005). Wrestling tough. Dominate mentally onthe mat. Champaign: Human Kinetics.
  • Tumanian G.S. (1985). A new complex subjects for physical culture departments - specialist sports coaches. Tieorijai Praktyka Fiziczeskoj Kultury, 12. [in Russian]
  • Januszewski J., Sterkowicz S. (1992). The importance of professional activities, as the basis for analysis of coach training programs (based on karate and archery). Rocznik Naukowy 25, 189-194. Kraków: AWF. [in Polish]
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  • Sterkowicz S. (1999). Professional activities of a judo coach. In S. Sterkowicz (Ed.), Professional activities of a martialsports coach (pp. 5-8). Kraków: AWF. [in Polish]
  • Sterkowicz S. (1998). Ju-jitsu. Selected aspects the art of selfdefense. Kraków: AWF. [in Polish]
  • Bujak Z., Litwiniuk S., Selwa Ch. (2012). Basic steps in the opinions of professional coach trainers Polish taekwon-do level II - VII Dan. Totally TaekwonDo 38, 83-90.
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  • Sterkowicz S., Biskup L., Ambroży T. (2001). Professionalactivities of wrestling and gimnastic coaches. In S. Sterkowicz (Ed.), Professional activities and research problemsin the martial arts (pp. 7-16). ). Zeszyty Naukowe 38. Kraków: AWF. [in Polish]
  • Bompa, T.O., Haff G.G. (2009). Periodyzation. Theory andmethodology of training. Champaign: Human Kinetics.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_pjst-2013-0004
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