Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2015 | 124 | 2 | 66-69

Article title

The Influence of Social and Living Environment on Development of Oral Hygiene Habits in People Over The Age of 65


Title variants

Languages of publication



Introduction. Oral health largely depends on proper hygiene, which in elderly people is not different from generally accepted standards, however, must be adjusted to specific conditions in oral cavities of the elderly.Aim. The aim of the study was the assessment of oral hygiene habits in people over the age of 65 residing in Lublin Nursing Homes and in family homes basing on questionnaire survey.Material and methods. The study was conducted among 240 people over the age of 65: 117 residents of the four Lublin Nursing Homes (group I) and 123 seniors living in their own homes in Lublin (group II). Assessment of the oral hygiene habits was conducted basing on the questionnaire survey concerning the frequency of tooth brushing, type of toothpaste, the use of additional oral aids as well as the frequency of toothbrush replacement.Results. Questionnaire survey revealed that seniors residing in Nursing Homes who had their own teeth most frequently brushed them once daily e.g. 37.25%, whereas the surveyed who lived in their family homes twice daily – 47.67%. In both groups the people who brushed their teeth used fluoride toothpastes. Additional oral hygiene aids were used by 31.71% of the surveyed living with their families. Both, the residents of Nursing Homes and those who lived with their families most frequently reported replacing their toothbrushes at least every 3 months.Conclusions. Nursing Homes residents essentially more frequently revealed considerable neglect and irregularities in oral hygiene in comparison to seniors living with their families. Population of elderly people, especially residents of nursing homes, should be provided with complex dental care.









Physical description


8 - 8 - 2014


  • Chair and Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
  • Chair and Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
  • Chair and Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
  • Chair and Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
  • Chair and Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland


  • 1. Borreani E, Jones K, Scambler S, Gallagher JE. Informing the debate on oral health care for older people: a qualitative study of older people's views on oral health and oral health care. Gerodontol. 2010;27:11-8.
  • 2. Panzeri H, Lara EHG, Paranhos Hde FO, et al. In vitro and clinical evaluation of specific dentifrices for complete denture hygiene. Gerodontol. 2009;26:26-33.[PubMed]
  • 3. Thompson GW, Kreisel PSJ. The impact of the demographics of aging and the edentulous condition on dental care services. J Prosthet Dent. 1998;79:56-9.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 4. Ünlüer Ş, Gökalp S, Doğan BG. Oral health status of the elderly in a residential home in Turkey. Gerodontol. 2007;24:22-9.
  • 5. Frączak B, Stawska B. Potrzeby protetyczne pensjonariuszy Domów Pomocy Społecznej. Protet Stomatol. 2006;56:305-11.
  • 6. Nicol R, Sweeney MP, McHugh S, Bagg J. Effectiveness of health care worker training on the oral health of elderly residents of nursing homes. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2005;33:115-24.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • 7. Pawlik AA. „Gero-periodontologia” w kapsułce. Asyst Hig Stomatol. 2007;4:6-10.
  • 8. Cichy M. Higiena jamy ustnej u ludzi w podeszlym wieku. Porad Stomatol. 2008;11:287-9.
  • 9. Frączak B, Biskup M, Ey-Chmielewska H, et al. Stan blony śluzowej i higieny u pacjentów użytkujących uzupelnienia protetyczne stałe i ruchome na podstawie badań klinicznych i ankietowych. Protet Stomatol. 1995;45:17-9.
  • 10. Stawska B. Stomatologia geriatryczna – potrzeby, problemy i oczekiwania stomatologiczne pensjonariuszy domów pomocy spolecznej. Rocz PAM. 2006;52:89-97.
  • 11. Koczorowski R, Gawriołek M, Siniawska J. Porównawcza ocena stomatologicznych potrzeb pensjonariuszy Domów Opieki Społecznej z Poznania i terenu Wielkopolski. Dent Forum. 2008;36:27-33.
  • 12. Marchini L, Vieira PC, Bossan TP, et al. Self-reported oral hygiene habits among institutionalised elderly and their relationship to the condition of oral tissues in Taubaté, Brazil. Gerodontol. 2006;23:33-7.[PubMed]
  • 13. Ozkan Y, Özcan M, Kulak Y, et al. General health, dental status and perceived dental treatment needs of an elderly population in Istanbul. Gerodontol. 2011;28:28-36.[PubMed]
  • 14. Knabe C, Kram P. Dental care for institutionalized geriatric patients in Germany. J Oral Rehabil. 1997;24:909-12.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 15. Frenkel H, Harvey I, Newcombe RG. Oral health care among nursing home residents in Avon. Gerodontol. 2000;17:33-8.[PubMed]
  • 16. Pregiel B, Wrzyszcz-Kowalczyk A, Fita K, et al. Higiena jamy ustnej i nawyki dietetyczne u sluchaczy Uniwersytetu Trzeciego Wieku we Wroclawiu. Porad Stomatol. 2007;12:344-52.
  • 17. Vyšniauskaité S, Kammona N, Vehkalahti MM. Number of teeth in relation to oral health behaviour in dentate elderly patients in Lithuania. Gerodontol. 2005;22:44-51.[PubMed]
  • 18. Shah N, Parkash H, Sunderam KR. Edentulousness, denture wear and denture needs of Indian elderly – a community-based study. J Oral Rehabil. 2004;31:467-76.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 19. Shah N, Sundaram KR. Impact of socio-demographic variables, oral hygiene practices, oral habits and diet on dental caries experience of Indian elderly: a community-based study. Gerodontol. 2004;21:43-50.[PubMed]
  • 20. Aleksejuniene J, Holst D, Eriksen HM. Patterns of dental caries and treatment experience in elderly Lithuanians. Gerodontol. 2000;17:77-86.[PubMed]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.