Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2013 | 15 | 1 | 88-96
Article title

Optimizing Natural Gas Fueling Station Reservoirs Pressure Based on Ideal Gas Model

Title variants
Languages of publication
At CNG fuelling station, natural gas is usually stored in a cascade storage system to utilize the station more efficient. The cascade storage system is generally divided into three reservoirs, commonly termed low, medium and high-pressure reservoirs. The pressures within these three reservoirs have huge effects on the performance of a CNG fuelling station and a fast filling process of natural gas vehicle’s (NGV) cylinder. A theoretical analysis is developed to study the effects of the reservoirs pressures and temperatures on the performance of the CNG station. The analysis is based on the first and the second law of thermodynamics, conservation of mass and ideal gas assumptions. The results show that as the reservoir temperature decreases, the fill ratio increases and the pressure within the filling station reservoirs has no effects on the fill ratio. The non-dimensional entropy generation and filling time profiles have opposite trends and as entropy generation decreases, the filling time increases. The optimized non-dimensional low and medium pressure-reservoir pressures are found to be as 0.24 and 0.58 respectively in thermodynamic point of view.
Physical description
1 - 03 - 2013
27 - 03 - 2013
  • 1. Mansha M., Saleemi A.R., Javed S.H. & Nadeem Feroz (2011). Analysis of a Detailed Kinetic Model of Natural Gas Combustion in IC Engine, Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, 13, 1, 6-15, DOI: 10.2478/v10026-011-0002-0.[Crossref]
  • 2. Kountz, K. (1994). Modeling The Fast Fill Process in Natural Gas Vehicle Storage Cylinders”, American Chemical Society Paper at 207th National ACS Meeting, March.
  • 3. Kountz, Kenneth J. & Blazek, Christopher F. (1997). NGV Fuelling Station and Dispenser Control Systems,” report GRI-97/0398, Gas Research Institute, Chicago, Illinois, November.
  • 4. Kountz, K., Liss, W. & Blazek, C. (1998). Method and Apparatus For Dispensing Compressed Natural Gas”, U.S. Patent 5,752,552, May 19.
  • 5. Kountz, K., Liss, W. & Blazek, C. (1998). Automated Process and System For Dispensing Compressed Natural Gas”, U.S. Patent 5,810,058, Sept. 22.
  • 6. Kountz, K., Liss, W. & Blazek, C. (1998) A New Natural Gas Dispenser Control System, Paper at 1998 International Gas, Research Conference, San Diego, November 3.
  • 7. Liss, W.E. & Richards M. (2003). Development of a Natural Gas to Hydrogen Fueling Station, Topical Report for U.S. DOE, GTI-02/0193, Sept., 2002.
  • 8. Liss, W.E., Richards, M.E., Kountz, K. & Kriha, K. (2003) “Modeling and Testing of Fast-Fill Control Algorithms for Hydrogen Fueling,” 2003 National Hydrogen Association Meeting, March.
  • 9. Farzaneh-Gord, M., Deymi-Dashtebayaz, M., Rahbari, HR. & Nyazmand H. (2012) Effects of storage types and conditions on compressed hydrogen fuelling stations performance. International Journal of Hydrogen energy, 37, 3500-3509, DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031.[Crossref]
  • 10. Newhouse, N.L. & Liss, W.E. (1999). Fast Filling of NGV Fuel Containers, SAE paper 1999-01-3739.
  • 11. Thomas, G., Goulding, J. & Munteam, C. ( 2002). Measurement, “Approval and Verification of CNG Dispensers”, NWML KT11 Report.
  • 12. Shipley, E. (2002). Study of natural gas vehicles (NGV) during the fast fills process”, Thesis for Master of Science, College of Engineering and Mineral Resources at West Virginia University.
  • 13. Farzaneh-Gord, M., Eftekhari, H., Hashemi, S., Magrebi, M. & Dorafshan, M. (2007). The effect of initial conditions on filling process of CNG cylinders”, The second International conference on Modeling, Simulation, And Applied optimization, Abu Dhabi, UAE, March 24-27.
  • 14. Farzaneh-Gord, M. (2008). Compressed natural gas Single reservoir filling process”, Gas international Engineering and Management, Volume 48, Issue 6, July/August, pp 16-18.
  • 15. Farzaneh-Gord, M, Hashemi, SH, Farzaneh-Kord, A. (2008). Thermodynamics Analysis of Cascade Reserviors Filling Process of Natural Gas Vehicle Cylinders, World AppliedSciences Journal, 5 (2): 143-149.
  • 16. Farzaneh-Gord, M., Deymi-Dashtebayaz, M. & Rahbari, H.R. (2011). Studying effects of storage types on performance of CNG filling stations, Journal of Natural Gas Science andEngineering, Vol. 3, 334-340. DOI: 10.1016/j.jngse.2011.02.001.[Crossref]
  • 17. Farzaneh-Gord, M., Deymi-Dashtebayaz, M. & Rahbari, H.R. 2012. Effects of Natural Gas Compositions on CNG Fast Filling Process for Buffer Storage System, Oil & Gas Scienceand Technology - Rev. IFP Energies nouvelles.
  • 18. Farzaneh-Gord, M., Deymi-Dashtebayaz, M. & Rahbari, H.R. 2012. Optimizing Compressed Natural Gas Filling Stations Reservoir Pressure Based on Thermodynamic Analysis, Int. J. Exergy, Vol. 10, No. 3. DOI: 10.1504/IJEX.2012.046836.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 19. Bejan, A. (1982) Second-law analysis in heat transfer and thermal design, Adv. Heat Transfer 15, 1-58.
  • 20. Bejan, A. (1996). Entropy Generation Minimization, CRC, Boca Raton, NY.
  • 21. Bejan, A. (1979). A study of entropy generation in fundamental convective heat transfer, J. Heat Transfer 101, 718-725.
  • 22. Wise Gas: CNG Cylinder Safety,
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.