In last years there are numerous food safety incidents in China, and the consequence is that the consumers in this country are losing confidence in domestic food suppliers, and that food safety is becoming a controversial issue in this country. In order to improve this situation, Chinese government now prioritized safety regulation for food products and additives and specified the limits of potentially dangerous ingredients. Chinese scientist recognized the importance of omics in both food science and technology early on, and they will play a key role in realization of this process. In the second part, the issues of food safety and authenticity in Western World were discussed, and recent accidents were depicted. The continuing need for food safety and increasing demand for protection against adulteration of food products is also introducing a growing request for introduction of foodomics methods in food technology and quality control.