Sport and Ethics of Weak Thought: A New Manifesto for Sport Education
Languages of publication
The so-called “weak thought”, theorized by the Italian postmodernist philosopher Gianni Vattimo (born in 1936), considered one of the most important Italian philosophers, has dismantled the main concepts on which Western philosophy was based (that is, the notion of Truth, God, Reason, an absolute foundation to thought, etc.). This philosophy, which is inspired by Nietzsche’s nihilism, by Heidegger, and by the philosophy of hermeneutics and deconstruction, offers a critical starting point not only to rethink, in a less rigid way, our Western culture, its philosophy, and its problems, but also the ethical principles and educational values that guide human life. Sport - as a human phenomenon and philosophical problem characterized by the presence of values, norms, behaviors, and rules that involves the action of human beings who interact and communicate “in” and “by” the game - can also be read in the light of this emerging philosophical theory. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that weak thought and its fundamental categories can be used and applied from a theoretical point of view in order to interpret and understand sport, deconstructing its meanings and its sociocultural and educational values. Using the critical contribution of weak thought, in this study we will reflect on and rethink in a new way some of the main concepts considered absolute and fundamental to sport’s logical and philosophical structure, such as “winning” and “losing”, “referee” (which embodies the principle of “authority”), “opponent”, “freedom” in the game, “rules”, and respect when one plays. The purpose of this study is to undertake a critical reflection on the limits of the concept of sport proposed by the Western tradition and to lay the foundations for a new model of ethics and education for the sports of the future.
1 - 12 - 2013
10 - 12 - 2013
- D’Agostini, F. (2012). Introduction: The strong reasons for weak thought. In G. Vattimo, The responsibility of thephilosopher (pp. 1-36). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
- Isidori, E. (2010). Deconstructing sport: When philosophy and education meet in Derrida’s thought. Physical cultureand sport. Studies and research, 48(1), 15-20. DOI: 10.2478/v10141-010-0002-4.[Crossref]
- Vattimo, G. (1985). The end of modernity: Nihilism and hermeneutics in postmodern cultures. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
- Vattimo, G. (1993). The adventure of difference: Philosophy after Nietzsche and Heidegger. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
- Vattimo, G. (1994). The transparent society. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Vattimo, G. (1997). Beyond interpretation: The meaning of hermeneutics for philosophy. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
- Vattimo, G. (2004). Nihilism and emancipation: Ethics, politics, and law. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
- Vattimo, G. (2010). The responsibility of the philosopher. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
- Vattimo, G., Pier Aldo, R., Carravetta, P. (2012). Weak thought. New York, NY: State University of New York Press.
Publication order reference