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Article title

Bubbles: A review of their relationship to the
formation of thin films and porous materials


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Bubbles arise at the intersection of gases with
other phases. Their role in the formation and applications
of thin films and porous materials is complex. At times
they are to be avoided. In other cases they are essential to
the desired properties and outcomes. In many cases their
function, form and production are misunderstood or disregarded.
This review seeks to connect a diverse array of
technical and fundamental aspects of bubbles so as to facilitate
more control and understanding of their functions
and utility







Physical description


29 - 12 - 2014


  • Department of
    Chemistry, West Chester University, West Chester, PA 19383 USA,


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