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Journal
2014 | 15 | 2 | 110-115
Article title

Relationship between Muscle Strength and Front Crawl Swimming Velocity

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Purpose. competitive performance in swimming depends on a number of factors including, among others, the development of relevant muscle groups. The aim of the study was to clarify the relationship between muscle strength and swimming velocity and the role of individual muscle groups in front crawl swimming. Methods. sixteen physical education university students participated in the study. The strength values, defined as torque produced during isometric contractions, of eight upper and lower extremity muscle groups were measured. Data were compared with participants' front crawl swim times in the 25m and 50m distances. Results. correlation analysis demonstrated a relationship between muscle strength and swimming velocity. statistically significant relationships were observed between swimming velocity and the torque values of the elbow flexor and shoulder extensor muscles as well as the sum of upper extremity muscle torque values (p ⋋ 0.05). Conclusions. The results indicate the need for a focus on training those muscle groups identified as having a statistically significant relationship with swimming velocity for a given distance, as the sample showed deficiencies in the strength of those muscle groups responsible for generating propulsive force in the front crawl. Additionally, the collected data can serve as a diagnostic tool in evaluating the development of muscle groups critical for swimming performance.
Keywords
Publisher

Journal
Year
Volume
15
Issue
2
Pages
110-115
Physical description
Dates
online
15 - 8 - 2014
accepted
17 - 3 - 2014
received
28 - 12 - 2012
Contributors
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Poland, radoslawgola@wp.pl
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Poland
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Poland
author
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warszawa, Poland
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2014-0011
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