Relationships between anaerobic performance, field tests, and functional level of elite female wheelchair basketball athletes
Languages of publication
Purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between anaerobic performance (AnP), applicable field tests, and the functional classification levels in female wheelchair basketball athletes. Methods. Female wheelchair basketball athletes (N = 23; Category A, n = 9; Category B, n = 14) from the Canadian national team were evaluated using field tests and the 30-second Wingate Anaerobic Test. Measures of peak power output (PP), time to achieve peak power (tPP), mean power output (MP), and a fatigue index (FI) were used to assess AnP. A test battery evaluating seven wheelchair basketball skills was applied. Student’s t test was used to identify differences between the two main functional categories (A and B). Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient and Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient were calculated to determine the significance of all relationships between the parameters of AnP, the results of the field tests, and the eight functional classification levels of the athletes (1.0-4.5 pts.). Results. In all analyzed parameters, except for the field test measuring shooting skills, the results of AnP were significantly higher for Category B players. Significant relationships were observed between athletes’ classification level and AnP and the field tests except for tPP, the 5 m sprint, and the shooting test. The strongest association was observed for MP and PP, MP and FI, PP and FI (p = 0.001). Conclusions. Strong associations were found between the functional classification level and AnP of the female wheelchair basketball athletes. The strongest correlation was confirmed between MP, PP, and the field test measuring the two-handed chest pass, suggesting that this test can be used to indirectly assess the anaerobic performance of female wheelchair basketball athletes.
1 - 12 - 2013
14 - 02 - 2014
- 1. Thiboutot T., History at a glance. Sports’n Spokes, 2008, 5, 36-41.
- 2. Crase C., Historic game confirmation. Sports’n Spokes, 2006, 5, 8.
- 3. International Wheelchair Basketball Federation. Official player classification manual 2010 [updated 2012 November 27]. Available from: http://www.wheelchairbasketball.ca/uploadedFiles/Members/Classifiers/Policies_and_Procedures/2010ClassificationManualRev8.pdf .
- 4. Molik B., Morgulec-Adamowicz N., Kosmol A., Team sports games for the disabled. Wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 2008, 17-36.
- 5. Coutts K.D., Dynamics of wheelchair basketball. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1992, 24 (2), 231-234.[PubMed]
- 6. Kosmol A., Molik B., Morgulec N., Nowicki T., The level of anaerobic performance of people with disabilities in selected sports. In: Sozański H., Perkowski K., Śledziewski D. (ed.), Trends in improving training and combat sports [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 2003, 277-282.
- 7. Hutzler Y., Vanlandewijck Y., van Vlierberghe M., Anaerobic performance of older female and male wheelchair basketball players on a mobile wheelchair ergometer. Adapt Phys Activ Q, 2000, 17 (4), 450-465.
- 8. Goosey-Tolfrey V.L., Physiological profiles of elite wheelchair basketball players in preparation for the 2000 paralympic games. Adapt Phys Activ Q, 2005, 22 (1), 57-66.
- 9. De Lira C.A.B., Vancini R.L., Minozzo F.C., Sousa B.S., Dubas J.P., Andrade M.S. et al., Relationship between aerobic and anaerobic parameters and functional classification in wheelchair basketball players. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2010, 20 (4), 638-643, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.00934.x.[Crossref]
- 10. Molik B., Laskin J.J., Kosmol A., Skucas K., Bida U., Relationship between functional classification levels and anaerobic performance of wheelchair basketball athletes. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2010, 81 (1), 69-73, doi: 10.1080/ 02701367.2010.10599629.[Crossref]
- 11. Molik B., Kosmol A., Morgulec N., Hübner-Woźniak E., Rutkowska I., Anaerobic performance in a Polish first league team of wheelchair basketball players. Research Yearbook, 2006, 12 (2), 199-202.
- 12. Vanlandewijck Y.C., Daly D.J., Theisen D.M., Field test evaluation of aerobic, anaerobic, and wheelchair basketball skill performances. Int J Sports Med, 1999, 20 (8), 548-554, doi: 10.1055/s-1999-9465.[PubMed][Crossref]
- 13. Molik B., Kosmol A., Yilla A.B., Wilson J.R., Review of the physical fitness tests in wheelchair basketball [in Polish]. Postępy Rehab, 2008, 1, 21-30.
- 14. De Groot S., Balvers I.J.M., Kouwenhoven S.M., Janssen T.W.J., Validity and reliability of tests determining performance-related components of wheelchair basketball. J Sports Sci, 2012, 30 (9), 879-887, doi: 10.1080/ 02640414.2012.675082.[WoS][Crossref]
- 15. Hutzler Y., Ochana S., Bolotin R., Kalina E., Aerobic and anaerobic arm-cranking power outputs of males with lower limb impairments: Relationship with sport participation intensity, age, impairment and functional classification. Spinal Cord, 1998, 36 (3), 205-212, doi: 10.1038/sj.sc.3100627.[Crossref]
- 16. Rotstein A., Sagiv M., Ben-Sira D., Werber G., Hutzler J., Annenburg H., Aerobic capacity and anaerobic threshold of wheelchair basketball players. Paraplegia 1994, 32 (3), 196-201, doi: 10.1038/sc.1994.36.[Crossref]
- 17. Vanlandewijck Y.C., Evaggelinou C., Daly D.J., Verellen J., Van Houtte S., Aspeslagh V. et al., The relationship between functional potential and field performance in elite female wheelchair basketball players. J Sports Sci, 2004, 22 (7), 668-675, doi: 10.1080/02640410310001655750.[Crossref]
- 18. Lode, Operator manual Wingate software. Groningen, the Netherlands 1998.
- 19. Molik B., Bednarczuk G., Kosmol A., Rutkowska I., Effect of wheelchair basketball training on health of people with disabilities. In: Turowski K. (ed.), Impact of healthy and unhealthy lifestyles on wellness [in Polish]. Neuro- Centrum, Lublin 2008, 147-160.
- 20. Bernardi M., Di Cesare A., Marchettoni P., Amoni L., Maccallini A., Olmeda C. et al., Importance of maximal aerobic power in wheelchair basketball. In: Doll-Tepper G., Kroner M., Sonnenschein W. (eds.), New Horizons in Sport for Athletes with a Disability: Proceedings of the International VISTA 99 Conference. Meyer & Meyer, Köln 2001, 39-52.
- 21. Molik B., Kosmol A., The influence of wheelchair basketball training on special fitness of the disabled. Hum Mov, 2001, 1 (3) Suppl., 85-89.
- 22. Molik B., Kosmol A., Morgulec-Adamowicz N., Laskin J.J., Jezior T., Patrzałek M., Game efficiency of elite female wheelchair basketball players during the World Championships (Gold Cup) 2006. Eur J Adapt Phys Act, 2009, 2 (2), 26-38.
Publication order reference