PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
Journal
2013 | 14 | 4 | 353-359
Article title

The functional efficiency of mouthguards in martial sports

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of three different mouthguards on the airflow dynamics of oral breathing under increased ventilatory conditions at peak workload. Methods. Twenty volunteer male martial art athletes were subjected to cardio-respiratory examination on a treadmill. Four trials were performed, without a mouthguard and with a maxillary boil-and-bite mouthguard, bi-maxillary boil-and-bite mouthguard, and PlaySafe custom-made maxillary mouthguard. For each of the four tests, subjects performed an identical incremental test to determine VO2max and other respiratory values. Results. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive analyses and paired-samples t tests. The results indicated similarity in almost all measured variables when testing with the custom-made PlaySafe maxillary mouthguard to values recorded without a mouthguard, while tests performed with the maxillary and bi-maxillary boil-and-bite mouthguards showed greater differences. Conclusions. The custom-made PlaySafe maxillary and maxillary boil-and-bite mouthguards do not significantly reduce airflow dynamics of oral breathing when compared with the bi-maxillary boil-and-bite, instead, these two types of mouthguards were found to positively affect aerobic capacity.
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
14
Issue
4
Pages
353-359
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 12 - 2013
online
14 - 02 - 2014
References
  • 1. ADA Council on Access, Prevention and Interprofessional Relations; ADA Council on Scientific Affairs. Using mouthguards to reduce the incidence and severity of sportsrelated oral injuries. JADA, 2006, 137 (12), 1712-1720. Available from: http://www.fiercemouthguards.com/resources/ using-mouthguards-to reduce-the-incidenceand- severity-of-sports-related-oral-injuries.pdf (accessed 27 Mar 2013).
  • 2. Health Canada. Athletic mouth-guards. Available from: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/life-vie/mouthdents- eng.php. (accessed 10 Mar 2013).
  • 3. Quarrie K.L., Gianotti S.M., Chalmers D.J., Hopkins W.G., An evaluation of mouth-guard requirements and dental injuries in New Zealand rugby union. Br J Sports Med, 2005, 39 (9), 650-1, doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.016022.[Crossref]
  • 4. McCrory P., Do mouth-guards prevent concussion? Br J Sports Med, 2001, 35 (2), 81-82, doi:10.1136/bjsm.35.2.81.[Crossref]
  • 5. Balanoff W.L., The genesis and advancement of mouthguards and mouthpieces, 2010. Available from: http:// www.ineedce.com/courses/1977/PDF/1009cei_mouthguard_ web.pdf (accessed 09 Mar 2013).
  • 6. Bernhardt T., Anderson G.S., Influence of moderate prophylactic compression on sport performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2005, 19 (2), 292-297, doi: 10.1519/1533-4287 (2005)19[292:IOMPCO]2.0.CO;2.[Crossref]
  • 7. Finch C.F., McIntosh A.S., McCrory P., What do under 15 year old schoolboy rugby union players think about protective head-gear? Br J Sports Med, 2001, 35 (2), 89-94, doi: 10.1136/bjsm.35.2.89.[Crossref]
  • 8. Knapik J.J., Marshall S.W., Lee R.B., Darakjy S.S., Jones S.B., Mitchener T.A. et al., Mouth-guards in sport activities: history, physical properties and injury prevention effectiveness. Sports Med, 2007, 37 (2), 117-144, doi: 10.2165/00007256-200737020-00003.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 9. Cummins N.K., Spears I.R., The effect of mouthguard design on stresses in the tooth-bone complex. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2002, 34 (6), 942-947, doi: 10.1097/00005768-200206000-00006.[Crossref]
  • 10. Badel T., Jerolimov V., Panduric J., Dental/orofacial trauma in contact sports and intraoral mouthguard programmes. Kinesiology, 2007, 39 (1), 97-105.
  • 11. Sinclair R.M., Use of Protective Equipment in Rugby - Practical Guidelines, 2009, Available from: http://www. sarugby.co.za/boksMar/pdf/BokSMar%20-%20Protective% 20Equipment%20in%20Rugby%20Union.pdf. (accessed 10 Mar 2013).
  • 12. Vastardis P.D., Athletic mouthguards: Indications, types, and benefits. Dentistry today, 2005. Available from: http:// www.dentistrytoday.com/sports-dentistry/357-athleticmouthguards- indications-types-and-benefits (accessed 11 Mar 2013).
  • 13. Sports Dentistry Online. Types of athletic mouth-guards. Available from: http://www.sportsdentistry.com/mouthguards. html (accessed 09 Mar 2013).
  • 14. Glass R.T., Wood C.R., Bullard J.W., Conrad R.S., Possible disease transmission by contaminated mouthguards in two young football players. Gen Dent, 2007, 55 (5), 436-440.
  • 15. Glass R.T., Conrad R.S., Kohler G.A., Waren A.J., Bullard J.W., Microbiota found in protective athletic mouthguards. Sports Health, 2011, 3 (3), 244-248, doi: 10.1177/ 1941738111404869.[Crossref]
  • 16. Finch C., Braham R., McIntosh A., McCrory P., Wolfe R., Should football players wear custom fitted mouth-guards? Results from a group randomized controlled trial. Inj Prev, 2005, 11 (4), 242-246, doi: 10.1136/ip.2004.006882.[Crossref]
  • 17. Wisniewski J.F., Guskiewicz K., Trope M., Sigurdsson A., Incidence of cerebral concussions associated with type of mouth-guard used in college football. Dental Traumatology, 2004, 20 (3), 143-149, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-4469. 2004.00259.x.[Crossref]
  • 18. Amis T., Di Somma E., Bacha F., Wheatley J., Influence of intra-oral maxillary sports mouthguards on the airflow dynamics of oral breathing. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2000, 32 (2), 284-290.[Crossref]
  • 19. Arent S., McKenna J., Golem D., Effects of a neuromuscular- dentistry designed mouthguard on muscular endurance and anaerobic power. Comparative Exercise Physiology, 2010, 7 (2), 73-79, doi: 10.1017/S1755254010000231.[Crossref]
  • 20. Gebauer D.P., Williamson R.A., Wallman K.E., Dawson B.T., The effect of mouthguard design on respiratory function in athletes. Clin J Sport Med, 2011, 21 (2), 95-100, doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e31820428b0.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 21. Francis K.T., Brasher J., Physiological effects of wearing mouthguards. Br J Sports Med, 1991, 25 (4), 227-231, doi: 10.1136/bjsm.25.4.227, doi: 10.1136/bjsm.25.4.227.[Crossref]
  • 22. Garner D.P., Dudgeon W.D., Scheett T.P., McDivitt E.J., The effects of mouthpiece use on gas exchange parameters during steady-state exercise in college-aged men and women. J Am Dent Assoc, 2011, 142 (9), 1041-1047. Available from: http://www.slideshare.net/MelindaMFerguson/ science-research-12332431 (accessed 13 Mar 2013).
  • 23. Garner D.P., McDivitt E., Effects of mouthpiece use on airway openings and lactate levels in healthy college males. Compend Contin Educ Dent, 2009, 30 (2), 9-13. Available from: http://www.dentalaegis.com/special-issues/ 2009/08/effects-of-mouthpiece-use-on-airwayopenings- and-lactate-levels-in-healthy-college-males (accessed 07 Mar 2013).
  • 24. Garabee W.F., Craniomandibular orthopedics and athletic performance in the long distance runner: a three year study. Basal Facts, 1981, 4 (3), 77-81. Available from: http://xlnxeed.com/uploads/Craniomandibular_Orthopedics_ and_Athletic_Performance_in_the_Long_ Distance_Runner_-_A_Three_Year_Study.pdf (accessed 03 Mar 2013).
  • 25. Zhao X., Liu Y., Gao Y., Three-dimensional upper-airway changes associated with various amounts of mandibular advancement in awake apnea patients. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 2008, 133 (5), 661-668, doi: 10.1016/j. ajodo.2006.06.024, Available from: http://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18456139 (accessed 05 Mar 2013).[Crossref][WoS]
  • 26. Gale D.J., Sawyer R.H., Woodcock A., Stone P., Thompson R., O’Brien K., Do oral appliances enlarge the airway in patients with obstructive sleep apnea? A prospective computerized tomographic study. Eur J Orthod, 2000, 22 (2), 159-168, doi: 10.1093/ejo/22.2.159.[Crossref]
  • 27. Kyung S.H., Park Y.C., Pae E.K., Obstructive sleep apnea patients with the oral appliance experience pharyngeal size and shape changes in three dimensions. Angle Orthod, 2005, 75 (1), 15-22. Available from: http://www. angle.org/doi/pdf/10.1043/0003-3219%282005% 29075%3C0015%3AOSAPWT%3E2.0.CO%3B2 (accessed 27 Feb 2013).[Crossref]
  • 28. Olson T.P., Joyner M.J., Dietz N.M., Eisenach J.H., Curry T.B., Johnson B.D., Effects of respiratory muscle work on blood flow distribution during exercise in heart failure. J Physiology, 2010, 588 (13), 2487-2501, doi: 10.1113/ jphysiol.2009.186056.[Crossref]
  • 29. Harms C.A., Wetter T.J., StCroiz C.M., Peqelow D.F., Dempsey J.A., Effect of respiratory muscle work on exercise performance. J Appl Physiol, 2000, 89 (1), 131-138. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ 10904044
  • 30. Duddy F.A., Weissman J., Lee R.A., Pranjpe A., Johnson J.D., Cohenca N., Influence of different types of mouthguards on strength and performance of collegiate athletes: a controlled-randomized trial. Dental Trauma tology, 2012, 28 (4), 263-267, doi: 10.1111?j.1600-9657. 2011.01106.x.
  • 31. Queiroz A.F.V.R., De Brito Jr.R.B., Ramacciato J.C., Motta R.H.L., Florio F.M., Influence of mouthguards on the physical performance of soccer players. Dental Traumatology, 2013, doi:10.1111/edt.12026. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/edt.12026/ abstract (accessed 13 Mar 2013).[Crossref][WoS]
  • 32. von Arx T., Flury R., Tschan J., Buergin W., Geiser T., Exercise capacity in athletes with mouthguards. Int J Sports Med, 2008, 29 (5), 435-438, doi: 10.1055/s-2007-965341. [Crossref]
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2013-0043
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.