PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
Journal
2013 | 14 | 3 | 221-228
Article title

Reflections on the Changes Observed in the Structure of Motor Skills in Young Athletes

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Purpose. The main objective of the study was to discern what trends are present in the structure of motor skills in young athletes by analyzing a group of basketball players within a context of their sports-specific training. Methods. Data were collected over a five-year period between 2006-2010 from 82 young Polish basketball players aged 15-16 years. In order to determine their motor skill level, the International Physical Fitness Test (IPFT) was administered. Basic somatic parameters, such as height, weight, and body mass index, were also recorded. Results. Analysis of the significant differences between the mean IPFT scores for each year found relatively few statistically significant changes. No statistically significant changes were noted for somatic build. For motor skill level, an upward trend was found for speed, lower limb strength, arm strength, hand strength, abdominal endurance, and agility. Total IPFT scores for each subsequent year indicated a systematic improvement of the participants’ general physical fitness levels. Conclusions. Despite only few of the results being statistically significant, the general trend of the changes in physical fitness levels is easily observed. Apart from the issue around the selection of surrounding selecting individuals to play in competitive sports, and in particular in which specific sports discipline, it was found that the training loads (such as the one used in boys basketball) have in most cases a positive impact on general physical fitness.
EN
young athletes, basketball, structure of motor skills
Keywords
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
14
Issue
3
Pages
221-228
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 09 - 2013
online
15 - 10 - 2013
References
  • 1. Raczek J., The basis for the sports training of children and youth [in Polish]. RC MSKFiS, Warszawa 1991.
  • 2. Ważny Z., The modern system of training in competitive sports [in Polish]. SiT, Warszawa 1981.
  • 3. Fraser-Thomas J.L., Cote J., Deakin J., Youth sport programs: avenue to foster positive youth development. PhysicalEducation Sport Pedagogy, 2005, 10 (1), 19-40, doi: 10.1080/1740898042000334890.[Crossref]
  • 4. Starosta W., Selected biosocial determinants of the effectiveness of the training of sports of children and youth. In: Bergier J. (ed.), Sport of children and youth at the turn of the century [in Polish]. IWFiS, Biała Podlaska 2000, 143-162.
  • 5. Sozański H., Śledziewski D., Kielak D., Sukniewicz M., Perkowski K., Siwko F., Theoretical basis of development of physical fitness in the process of sports training of children and teenagers [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 1985.
  • 6. Schmidt R.A., Lee T.D., Motor control and learning. A behavioral emphasis. Human Kinetics, Champaign 1999.
  • 7. Ryguła I., The research process in the sport science [in Polish]. AWF, Katowice 2003.
  • 8. Mynarski W., Żywiczka A., The empirical model of coordination considerations of man fitness preparation [in Polish]. AWF, Katowice 2004.
  • 9. Sozański H., The diversity of sports development of young players, depending on the nature of the training [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 1986.
  • 10. Raczek J., The concept of the physical preparation of children and youth [in Polish]. Roczniki Naukowe, 1985, 13, 221-235.
  • 11. Hirtz P., Starosta W., Sensitive and critical periods of motor coordination development and its relation to motor learning. J Hum Kinetics, 2002, 7, 19-28.
  • 12. Thomas J.R., Nelson J.K., Research methods in physical activity. Human Kinetics, Champaign 1996.
  • 13. Naglak Z., Time structure of training athletes specializing in team sports games. In: Ryguła I. (ed.), Factors determining the effectiveness of sports competition in basketball [in Polish]. AWF, Katowice 1995, 19-36.
  • 14. Sozański H. (ed.), The basis of the theory of training [in Polish]. RC M-SKFiS, Warszawa 1999.
  • 15. Sozański H., Adamczak J., Siewierski M, Periodization of sports training process - theory and reality. In: Strzelczyk R., Karpowicz K. (eds.), Periodization of sports training process - theory and reality. Monografie 407 [in Polish]. AWF, Poznań 2012, 8-39.
  • 16. Raczek J., Model of sports training of children and youth - ideas, controversies, proposals [in Polish]. Sport Wyczynowy, 1984, 5, 37-55.
  • 17. Kosendiak J., Aims and objectives of training at an early stage, and its implementation. In: Strzelczyk R., Karpowicz K. (eds.), Periodization of sports training process - theory and reality. Monografie 407 [in Polish]. AWF, Poznań 2012, 53-68.
  • 18. Karpowicz K., Strzelczyk R., The structure of motor effects level of young sportsman at the direction stage of training. In: Strzelczyk R., Karpowicz K. (eds.), Periodization of sports training process - theory and reality. Monografie 407 [in Polish]. AWF, Poznań 2012, 79-92.
  • 19. Starosta W., The coordination and condition abilities in team sports games. In: Bergier J. (ed.), Science in sports team games [in Polish]. IWFiS, Biała Podlaska 1995, 105-138.
  • 20. Karpowicz K., Karpowicz M., Janowski J., Konarski J., Strzelczyk R., The general and special fitness and the sport level of young basketball players. In: Kuder A., Perkowski K., Śledziewski D. (eds.), The directions of improvement training and sports fight - diagnostics [in Polish]. PTNKF, Warszawa 2006, 49-52
  • 21. Czerwiński J. (ed.), Control training and sportsmanship in team games [in Polish]. AWFiS, Gdańsk 2007.
  • 22. Naglak Z., The theory of team sport game. Player training [in Polish]. AWF, Wrocław 2001.
  • 23. Szopa J., Mleczko E., Żak S., The basis of anthropomotorics [in Polish]. PWN, Warszawa 2000.
  • 24. Pilicz S., Przewęda R., Trześniowski R., Point scale to assess the physical fitness of Polish youth [in Polish] AWF, Warszawa 1993.
  • 25. Drozdowski Z., Anthropology of sport [in Polish]. PWN, Warszawa 1994.
  • 26. Stanisz A., Affordable statistics course using STATISTICA PL on the examples of medicine [in Polish]. StatSoft Polska, Kraków 2006.
  • 27. Przewęda R., Dobosz J., The physical condition of the Polish youth [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa, Studia i Monografie, 98, 2003.
  • 28. Jarosz M. (ed.), Obesity, nutrition, physical activity, health of Polish people [in Polish]. Instytut Żywności i Żywienia, Warszawa 2006.
  • 29. Dobosz J., The individual evaluation of physical changes in the perspective of population changes. In: Charzewska J. (ed.), Biosocial aspects of the development of contemporary Polish youth during the ripening [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 2007, 65-73.
  • 30. Wachowski E., Strzelczyk R., Advantages of motor properties [in Polish]. Trening, 1991, 1, 106-114.
  • 31. Czerwiński J., Jastrzębski Z., The process of training in team sports games. Theory and practice [in Polish]. AWFiS, Gdańsk 2006.
  • 32. Czerwiński J., Sozański H. (ed.), Modern concepts of training in team sports games [in Polish]. AWFiS, Gdańsk 2004.
  • 33. Przewęda R., The status of the efficiency development of children and youth in Poland [in Polish]. Biuro Studiów i Ekspertyz Kancelarii Sejmu, Warszawa 1999.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2013-0027
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.