PL EN


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
Journal
2013 | 14 | 2 | 144-147
Article title

Effects of Vertical and Horizontal Plyometric Exercises on Running Speed

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Purpose. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of vertical, horizontal and a combination of both vertical and horizontal plyometric exercises (depth jumping) on running speed. Methods. A purposively selected sample of 80 male students were randomly assigned into either a control group or groups training the vertical depth jump, horizontal depth jump or a combination of both. The experimental groups trained twice weekly for 10 weeks, performing 6 sets of 10 repetitions per session. Drop height was increased from 20 to 40 cm according to the step method. Running speed was measured by a 45.72 m dash test before and after the 10-week period. Results. Analysis of covariance was applied to compare scores. A pair-wise comparison was performed using Scheffe’s post-hoc test at a 0.05 level of confidence. The results showed significant improvements among the three experimental groups as compared with the control group, whereas a comparison between the three experimental groups was found to be insignificant. The percentage of performance increase from pre-test to post-test running speed was 2.23%, 2.96% and 3.57% for the groups training vertical, horizontal and both vertical and horizontal depth jumps, respectively. Conclusions. A combination of both vertical and horizontal depth jumping, with a slightly larger emphasis on horizontal plyometric training, can aid sprinters’ performance.
Publisher
Journal
Year
Volume
14
Issue
2
Pages
144-147
Physical description
Dates
published
1 - 06 - 2013
online
11 - 07 - 2013
References
  • 1. Zanon S., Plyometrics: past and present. New studies inathletics, 1989, 1 (4), 7-17.
  • 2. Chu D.A., Jumping into plyometrics. Human Kinetics, Champaign 1998.
  • 3. Chu D., Plyometrics: The link between strength and speed. NSCA Journal, 1983, 5, 20-21.
  • 4. Freeman W., Freeman E., Plyometrics: complete training for all sports. Championship books, Ames 1984.
  • 5. Zanon S., Plieometry in jumping. Die lehre der leichtathletik, 1974, 16, 1-13.
  • 6. de Villarreal E.S.S., González-Badillo J.J., Izquierdo M., Low and moderate Plyometric training frequency produces greater jumping and sprinting gains compared with high frequency. J Strength Cond Res, 2008, 22 (3), 715-725, doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318163eade.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 7. Lima J.C., Marin D.P., Barquilha G., da Silva L.O., Puggina E.F., Pithon-Curi T.C., Hirabara S.M., Acute effects of drop jump potentiation protocol on sprint and countermovement vertical jump performance. Hum Mov, 2011, 12 (4), 324-330, doi: 10.2478/v10038-011-0036-4.[Crossref]
  • 8. Read M.M., Cisar C., The influence of varied rest interval lengths on depth jump performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2001, 15 (3), 279-283.[PubMed]
  • 9. Verkhoshansky Y., Perspectives in the improvement of speed-strength preparation of jumpers. Yessis Review ofSoviet Physical Education and Sports, 1969, 4, 28-34.
  • 10. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Youth Fitness Test Manual. AAHPER Publication, Reston 1976.
  • 11. Gemar J.A., The effects of weight training and Plyometric training on vertical jump, standing long jump and forty- meter sprint. J Phys Educ Sports, 1988, 12 (2), 22-26.
  • 12. Tamrakar A., Singh K., Effects of weight training, plyometric training and their combination on selected motor components. J Sports Sports Sci, 2001, 24 (4), 5-14.
  • 13. Polhemus R., Osina M., The effects of plyometric training with ankle and vest weights on conventional weight training programme for men. Track Field Q Rev, 1984, 80 (4), 59-61.
  • 14. Luhtanen P., Komi P.V., Mechanical factors influencing running speed. In: Asmussen E., Jorgensen K. (eds.), Biomechanics VI. University Park Press, Baltimore 1978, 23-29.
  • 15. Lundin P., Berg W., A review of plyometric training. NationalStrength and Conditioning Association Journal, 1991, 13 (6), 22-30.
  • 16. Miller M.G., Herniman J.J., Ricard M.D., Cheatham C.C., Michael T.J., The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility. J Sports Sci Med, 2006, 5, 459-465.
  • 17. Makaruk H., Sacewicz T., Effects of plyometric training on maximal power output and jumping ability. Hum Mov, 2010, 11 (1), 17-22, doi: 10.2478/v10038-010-0007-1.[Crossref]
  • 18. Pettitt R., The role of Plyometrics in the scope of a periodized training model. J Perform Enhan, 1999, 1 (1), 11-20.
  • 19. Dintiman G., Ward R., Tellez T., Sports speed (2nd edn.). Human Kinetics, Champaign 1997.
  • 20. Mach G., Tschiene P., McNab T., McWatt B., Lydiard A., Ocean coaches clinic. Auckland, New Zealand, January 4-12, 1979.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_2478_humo-2013-0017
Identifiers
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.