Subjective Assessment of Sports Success in Wheelchair Rugby – Proposal of a New Research Tool
Languages of publication
Purpose. The main purpose of this study was to design and perform a preliminary psychometric analysis of a measure in the subjective assessment of sports success in wheelchair rugby (WR). An additional objective of this study was to assess potential differences in the subjective assessment of sports success between rugby players who play in the first and second Polish Wheelchair Rugby League (PWRL). Methods. Thirty WR players who played in the first (n = 11) and second PWRL (n = 19) completed the newly-created Subjective Assessment of Sports Success in Wheelchair Rugby (SASS-WR) scale and a questionnaire collecting demographic, career, and sports training data. Results. The SASS-WR scale was found to be a valid and reliable measure of sports success in WR. The final version consists of 12 items defining four dimensions of sports success: (1) Individual Sports Success of the Player, (2) National Sports Success of the Team, (3) International Sports Success of the Team, (4) Social and Personal Success of the Player. The players in the first league were significantly more focused on achieving individual sports success as well as having their team achieve national and international sports success when compared with the players in the second league. Social and personal success (the fourth dimension of the SASS-WR) was more important for the second league players than first league players, although this difference was not significant. Conclusions. The findings suggest that the SASS-WR scale can serve as a valuable diagnostic tool in assessing sports success among WR players.
1 - 06 - 2013
11 - 07 - 2013
- 1. Stolen T., Chamari K., Castagna C., Wisloff U., Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports Med, 2005, 35 (6), 501-536, doi: 10.2165/00007256-200535060-00004.[PubMed][Crossref]
- 2. Van-Yperen N.W., Duda J.L., Goal orientations, beliefs about success, and performance improvement among young elite Dutch soccer players. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 1999, 9 (6), 358-364, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.1999. tb00257.x.[Crossref]
- 3. Graczyk M., Portrait of a psychologist, its role and tasks carried out in light of the opinion of Olympic coaches [in Polish], Medycyna Sportowa, 2007, 5, 247-253.
- 4. Results of the 2012 Polish Wheelchair Rugby League. January 2013. Available from URL: http://rugby.far.org.pl/aktualnosc,112,Podsumowanie+sezonu.html.
- 5. Morgulec N., Kosmol A., Molik B., Specific fitness level and classification system in wheelchair rugby. In: Żak S., Spieszny M., Klocek T. (eds.), Team games in physical education and sport [in Polish]. Studia i monografie AWF, Kraków 2005, 335-337.
- 6. Szymczak Ł., Laurentowska M., An assessment of anaerobic performance of individuals with quadriplegia training wheelchair rugby [in Polish]. Medycyna Sportowa, 2009, 25, 35-36.
- 7. Morgulec-Adamowicz N., Kosmol A., Bogdan M., Molik B., Rutkowska I., Bednarczuk G., Game efficiency of wheelchair rugby athletes at the 2008 Paralympic Games with regard to player classification. Hum Mov, 2010, 11 (1), 91-95, doi: 10.2478/v10038-010-0002-6.[Crossref]
- 8. Sarro K.J., Misuta M.S., Malone L., Burkett B.L., Barros R.M., Correlation between functional and kinematical variables in elite wheelchair rugby players. In: Jensen R., Ebben W., Petushek E., Richter C., Roemer K. (eds.), XXVIII International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports: Conference Proceedings Archive, July 19-23, 2010, Marquette, USA, 28, 124-125.
- 9. Adnan Y., McKenzie A., Miyahara M., Self-efficacy for Quad Rugby skills and activities of daily living. AdaptPhys Activ Q, 2001, 18 (1), 90-101.
- 10. Dallmeijer A.J., Hopman M.T.E., van As H.H.J., van der Woude L.H.V., Physical capacity and physical strain in persons with tetraplegia; The role of sport activity. SpinalCord, 1996, 34 (12), 729-735, doi:10.1038/sc.1996.133.[Crossref]
- 11. Furmaniuk L., Cywińska-Wasilewska G., Kaczmarek D., Influence of long-term wheelchair rugby training on the functional abilities of persons with tetraplegia over a two year period post-spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Med, 2010, 42 (7), 688-690, doi: 10.2340/16501977-0580.[Crossref][WoS]
- 12. Morgulec N., Kosmol A., Influence of sport activity on the functional abilities of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI-C) [in Polish]. Lider, 2009, 12, 26-29.
- 13. Morgulec N., Skrzypczyk R., Development of wheelchair rugby and its influence on the functional abilities of individuals with quadriplegia [in Polish]. Wychowanie Fizycznei Sport, 2003, 47, 535-544.
- 14. Fung L., Participation motives in competitive sports: A cross-cultural comparison. Adapt Phys Activ Q, 1992, 9 (2), 114-122.
- 15. O’Neill S.B., Maguire S., Patient perception of the impact of sporting activity on rehabilitation in a spinal cord injuries unit. Spinal Cord, 2004, 42 (11), 627-630, doi: doi: 10.1038/sj.sc.3101651.[Crossref]
- 16. Tasiemski T., Bergström E., Savic G., Gardner B.P., Sports recreation and employment following spinal cord injury - a pilot study. Spinal Cord, 2000, 38 (3), 173-184.[Crossref][PubMed]
- 17. Tasiemski T., Kennedy P., Gardner B.P., Blaikley R.A., Athletic identity and sports participation in people with spinal cord injury. Adapt Phys Activ Q, 2004, 21 (4), 364-378.
- 18. Wu S.K., Williams T., Factors influencing sport participation among athletes with spinal cord injury. Med SciSports Exerc, 2001, 33 (2), 177-181.[Crossref]
- 19. Furst D.M., Ferr T., Megginson N., Motivation of disabled athletes to participate in triathlons. Psychol Rep, 1993, 72 (2), 403-406, doi: 10.2466/pr0.19126.96.36.1993.[Crossref][PubMed]
- 20. Carron A.V., Bray S.R., Eys M.A., Team cohesion and team success in sport. J Sports Sci, 2002, 20 (2), 119-126, doi: 10.1080/026404102317200828.[PubMed][Crossref]
- 21. Mullen B., Copper C., The relation between group cohesiveness and performance: An integration. Psychol Bull, 1994, 115 (2), 210-227, doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.115.2.210.[Crossref]
- 22. Carron A.V., Chelladurai P., Cohesion as a factor in sport performance. Int Rev Sport Sociol, 1981, 16, 2-41.
- 23. Landers D.M., Lüschen G., Team performance outcome and cohesiveness of competitive coacting groups. Int RevSport Sociol, 1974, 9, 57- 69.
- 24. Williams J.M., Widmeyer W.N., The cohesion-performance outcome relationship in a coaching sport. J SportExerc Psychol, 1991, 13 (4), 364-371.
Publication order reference