The Effects of Resisted Sprint Training on Speed Performance in Women
Languages of publication
Purpose. The main aim of the study was to examine the effects of resisted and standard sprint training on the kinematics of sprintrunning acceleration in women. Methods. Thirty-six untrained but physically active female college students were randomly assigned to one of three groups: a running resisted training group (RTG, n = 12), a standard training group (STG, n = 12), and a control group (CON, n = 12). All participants in the experimental groups trained three times a week for four weeks, followed by a 1-week training break, after which they trained again for four weeks. Pre-training, post-training and detraining (three weeks after completing the training programs) measures of mean running velocity, stride length, stride frequency, knee angle at toe off and footstrike, ground contact time, and flight time were analyzed by a 20 m sprint test. Results. The RTG improved mean running velocity and increased stride length and knee angle at toe off. Simultaneously, the RTG featured decreased stride frequency and increased ground contact time. The STG demonstrated an increase in mean running velocity due to higher stride frequency and a decrease in ground contact time. All of the measured parameters did not significantly decrease after the three-week detraining period. The control group featured no changes. Conclusions. Both resisted and standard sprint training improves speed in sprint-running acceleration in women by improving different sprint kinematic parameters.
1 - 06 - 2013
11 - 07 - 2013
- 1. Sozański H., Witczak T., Starzyński T., The basis of speed training [in Polish]. COS, Warszawa 1999.
- 2. Maćkała K., Kowalski P., Sprint running training [in Polish]. AWF, Wrocław 2007.
- 3. Donati A., The association between the development of strength and speed. New Stud Athl, 1996, 2 (3), 51-58.
- 4. Murray A., Aitchison T.C., Ross G., Sutherland K., Watt I., McLean D., Grant S., The effect of towing a range of relative resistances on sprint performance. J Sports Sci, 2005, 23 (9), 927-935, doi: 10.1080/02640410400023332.[Crossref]
- 5. Mero A., Komi P.V., Gregor R.J., Biomechanics of sprint running. A review. Sports Med, 1992, 13 (6), 376-392, doi: 10.2165/00007256-199213060-00002.[Crossref]
- 6. Hunter J.P., Marshall R.N., McNair P.J., Relationships between ground reaction force impulse and kinematics of sprint-running acceleration. J Appl Biomech, 2005, 21 (1), 31-43.[PubMed]
- 7. Ciacci S., Di Michele R., Merni F., Kinematic analysis of the braking and propulsion phases during the support time in sprint running. Gait Posture, 2010, 31 (2), 209-212, doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2009.10.007.[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
- 8. Saraslanidis P., Training for the improvement of maximum speed: flat running or resistance training? NewStud Athl, 2000, 15(3/4), 45-51.
- 9. Zafeiridis A., Saraslanidis P., Manou V., Ioakimidis P., Dipla K., Kellis S., The effects of resisted sled-pulling sprint training on acceleration and maximum speed performance. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2005, 45 (3), 284-290.
- 10. Spinks Ch.D., Murphy A.J., Spinks W.L., Lockie R.G., The effects of resisted sprint training on acceleration performance and kinematics in soccer, rugby union, and Australian football players. J Strength Cond Res, 2007, 21 (1), 77-85, doi:10.1519/00124278-200702000-00015.[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
- 11. Prus G., Zając A., Sprint training. Practical applications [in Polish]. Sport Wyczynowy, 1986, 2-3, 39-46.
- 12. Makaruk H., Makaruk B., Kędra S., Effects of warm-up stretching exercises on sprint performance. Phys EducSport, 2008, 52 (1), 23-26, doi: 10.2478/v10030-008-0005-7.[Crossref]
- 13. Makaruk B., Makaruk H., Sacewicz T., Makaruk T., Kędra S., Długołęcka B., The accuracy and reliability of kinematic measurements in tests measuring running velocity [in Polish]. Pol J Sport Tourism, 2009, 16 (2), 85-92.
- 14. McFarlane B., Speed a basic and advanced technical model. Track Technique, 1994, 96, 4016-4020.
- 15. Lockie R.G., Murphy A.J., Spinks C.D., Effects of resisted sled towing on sprint kinematics in field-sport athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 2003, 17 (4), 760-767.[PubMed]
- 16. Paradisis G.P., Cooke C.B., The effects of sprint running training on sloping surfaces. J Strength Cond Res, 2006, 20 (4), 767-777, doi:10.1519/R-16834.1.[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
- 17. Hauschildt M.D., Integrating high-speed treadmills into a traditional strength and conditioning program for speed and power sports. Strength Cond J, 2010, 32 (2), 21-32, doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e3181caddd9.[WoS][Crossref]
- 18. Delecluse C.H., Influence of strength training on sprint running performance: Current findings and implications for training. Sports Med, 1997, 24 (3), 147-156, doi: 10.2165/00007256-199724030-00001.[PubMed][Crossref]
- 19. Mero A., Komi P.V., Force-, EMG-, and elasticity-velocity relationships at submaximal, maximal and supramaximal running speeds in sprinters. Eur J Appl Physiol OccupPhysiol, 1986, 55 (5), 553-561, doi: 10.1007/BF00421652.[Crossref]
- 20. Weyand P.G., Sternlight D.B., Bellizzi M.J., Wright S., Faster top running speeds are achieved with greater ground forces not more rapid leg movements. J ApplPhysiol, 2000, 89 (5), 1991-1999.
- 21. Makaruk H., Sacewicz T., Effects of plyometric training on maximal power output and jumping ability. HumMov, 2010, 11 (1), 17-22, doi: 10.2478/v10038-010-0007-1.[Crossref]
- 22. Markovic G., Jukic I., Milanovic D., Metikos D., Effects of sprint and plyometric training on muscle function and athletic performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2007, 21 (2), 543-49, doi:10.1519/R-19535.1.[Crossref][PubMed]
- 23. Corn R., Knudson D. Effect of elastic-cord towing on the kinematics of the acceleration phase of sprinting. J StrengthCond Res, 2003, 17 (1), 72-75.
- 24. Orchard J., Biomechanics of muscle strain injury. NZJSports Med, 2002, 30, 92-98.
- 25. Witvrouw E., Danneels L., Asselman P., D’Have T., Cambier D., Muscle flexibility as a risk factor for developing muscle injuries in male professional soccer players. A prospective study. Am J Sports Med, 2003, 31 (1), 41-46.
- 26. Hinrichs R.N., Upper extremity function in running. II: Angular momentum considerations. Int J Sport Biomech, 1987, 3, 242-263.
- 27. Moir G., Sanders R., Button Ch., Glaister M., The effect of periodized resistance training on accelerative sprint performance. Sports Biomech, 2007, 6 (3), 285-300, doi: 10.1080/14763140701489793.[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
Publication order reference