Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2014 | 43 | 1 | 43-48

Article title

The Effect of a Long-Term, Community-Based Exercise Program on Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women with Pre-Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes


Title variants

Languages of publication



The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a community-based exercise program on bone mineral density and body composition in postmenopausal women with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Twenty postmenopausal women (aged 61.3 ± 6.0 years) with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to a community-based exercise program group (n=10) or a control group (n=10). The community-based exercise program was multicomponent, three days per week for 32 weeks, and included walking, resistance and aquatic exercises. Body composition and bone mineral density were measured pre and post-training by dual X-ray absorptiometry. In the exercise group significant increases were found in the ward’s triangle bone mineral density (+7.8%, p=0.043), and in fat-free mass (+2.4%, p=0.018). The findings suggest that regular multicomponent training is effective in preventing osteoporosis and sarcopenia among postmenopausal women with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.









Physical description


1 - 12 - 2014
11 - 12 - 2014


  • Department of Physical Education; Federal University of Piauí, Piauí, Brazil
  • Campus Universitário Ministro Petrônio Portella, Bairro Ininga, Teresina-PI, Brazil, Zip Code: 64049-550. Phone +558699488166,
  • Department of Physical Education; Federal University of Paraíba, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Department of Physical Education; Federal University of Paraíba, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Department of Physical Education; University Mauricio de Nassau – Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Federal Institute of Science Education and Technology – Sector Juazeiro do Norte, Brazil.
  • Research Center in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal.
  • Research Center in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal.


  • American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care, 2013; 36: 67-74
  • Becker C, Crow S, Toman J, Lipton C, McMahon DJ, Macaulay W, Siris E. Characteristics of elderly patients admitted to an urban tertiary care hospital with osteoporotic fractures: correlations with risk factors, fracture type, gender and ethnicity. Osteoporosis International, 2006; 17: 410-416[Crossref]
  • Borg GA. Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1982; 14: 377-381
  • Doherty TJ. Invited review: Aging and sarcopenia. Journal of Applied Physiology, 2003; 95(4): 1717-1727
  • Finkelstein JS, Brockwell SE, Mehta V, Greendale GA, Sowers M, Ettinger B, Lo JC, Johnston JM, Cauley JA, Michelle ED, Neer RM. Bone mineral density changes during the menopause transition in a multiethnic cohort of women. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2008; 93: 861-868[Crossref][WoS]
  • Gomez-Cabello A, Ara I, Gonzalez-Aguero A, Casajús JA, Vicente-Rodríguez G. Effects of training on bone mass in older adults. Sports Medicine, 2012; 42: 301-325[Crossref]
  • Hayashida K, Takeda Y, Katsuda T, Yamamoto K, Suesada Y, Shibata M, Azuma MK. Measurements and evaluation of proximal femoral bone mineral density with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Acta Medica Okayama, 2012; 66: 17-21[PubMed]
  • Holzer G, Von S, G, Holzer LA, Pichl W. Hip fractures and the contribution of cortical versus trabecular bone to femoral neck strength. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 2009; 24(3): 468-474[Crossref][WoS]
  • Marques EA, Mota J, Machado L, Coelho MF, Moreira P, Carvalho J. Multicomponent training program with weight-bearing exercises elicits favorable bone density, muscle strength, and Balance Adaptations in Older Women. Calcified Tissue International, 2011; 88: 117-129[WoS]
  • Namwongprom S, Rojanasthien S, Mangklabruks A, Soontrapa S, Wongboontan C, Ongphiphadhanakul B. Effect of fat mass and lean mass on bone mineral density in postmenopausal and perimenopausal Thai women. International Journal of Women's Health, 2013; 5: 87-92
  • Pernambuco CS, Borba-Pinheiro CJ, Vale RG, Di Masi F, Monteiro PK, Dantas EH. Functional autonomy, bone mineral density (BMD) and serum osteocalcin levels in older female participants of an aquatic exercise program (AAG). Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 2013; 56: 466-71[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • Rantanen T, Harris T, Leveille SG, Visser M, Foley D, Masaki K, Guralnik JM. Muscle strength and body mass index as long-term predictors of mortality in initially healthy men. Journals of Gerontology Series A, 2000; 55: 168-173[Crossref]
  • Sousa N, Mendes R. Effects of Resistance Versus Multicomponent Training on Body Composition and Functional Fitness in Institutionalized Elderly Women. J Am Geriatr Soc, 2013; 61: 1815-1817[PubMed]
  • Sousa N, Mendes R, Abrantes C, Sampaio J, Oliveira J. A randomized 9-month study of blood pressure and body fat responses to aerobic training versus combined aerobic and resistance training in older men. Exp Gerontol, 2013; 48: 727-33[WoS][Crossref][PubMed]
  • Stewart KJ, Bacher AC, Turner KL, Fleg JL, Hees PS, Shapiro EP, Tayback M, Ouyang P. Effect of exercise on blood pressure in older persons: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med, 2005; 165: 756-62
  • Strotmeyer ES, Kamineni A, Cauley JA, Robbins JA, Fried LF, Siscovick DS, Harris TB, Newman AB. Potential explanatory factors for higher incident hip fracture risk in older diabetic adults. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, 2011; 2011: 1-8
  • Verhulp E, Van RB, Huiskes R. Load distribution in the healthy and osteoporotic human proximal femur during a fall to the side. Bone, 2008; 42(1): 30-35 [PubMed][Crossref][WoS]

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.