Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2014 | 42 | 1 | 223-234

Article title

Assessment of Secondary School Students’ Game Performance Related to Tactical Contexts


Title variants

Languages of publication



Certain limitations remain unaddressed when utilizing the Teaching Games for Understanding approach, suggesting the need for more research on authentic assessment of skill development and tactical awareness in order to guide the design of developmentally appropriate curriculum materials. This study investigated physical education students’ (n=19; age: 13.71 ± 0.4) game performance during an invasion game, specifically the relationship between their skill execution and decision-making ability. The purpose of the study was twofold: (a) to devise and implement a ‘game context’ approach to assess the game performance components and in doing so, (b) to provide information that could be used to design suitable learning progressions within tactical teaching approaches. Students’ game performance was videotaped, and measures of skill execution and decision-making were developed from observational analyses. Decision-making was measured at two levels: a) decision making restricted to the selection of technical-tactical skills (i.e., passing, moving with the ball, getting free, marking, tackling, double teaming and interception; and b) decisionmaking in the adaptation to the tactical contexts of the game. Participants played a 5 vs. 5 modified eight-minute team handball game. Participants scored significantly higher in penetrating-the-defense context adaptation than in keepingthe- ball context adaptation. Participants showed a higher efficiency in decision-making than in execution in most of the technical-tactical skills; including on-the-ball over off-the-ball decision-making, and in attack compared to defensive execution. The findings also revealed significant relationships between decision-making and skill execution in shooting, tackling and passing









Physical description


1 - 10 - 2014
10 - 10 - 2014


  • Faculty of Education - University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
  • Kent State University, United States (OH).
  • Faculty of Education, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
  • Faculty of Education, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain


  • Aguiar M, Botelho G, Lago C, Maças V, Sampaio J. A Review on the Effects of Soccer Small Sided Games. J Hum Kinet, 2012; 33: 103-113. doi:10.2478/v10078-012-0049-x Almeida CH, Ferreira AP, Volossovitch A. Offensive Sequences in Youth Soccer: Effects of Experience and Small-Sided Games. J Hum Kinet, 2013; 36: 97-106[Crossref]
  • Bayer C. Teaching colective sport and games. Barcelona: Hispano Europea; 1992
  • Blomqvist M, Vänttinen T, Luhtanen P. Assessment of secondary school students' decision-making and game-play ability in soccer. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2005; 10: 107-119
  • Bunker D, Thorpe R. Model for the teaching of games in secondary schools. Bulletin of Physical Education, 1982; 18: 5-8
  • Butler J, Oslin J, Mitchell S, Griffin L. The way forward for TGFU: filling the chasm between theory and practice. Physical & Health Education Journal, 2008; 74(2): 6-12
  • Castejón FJ, López V. Declarative and procedimental solution in teaching games in primary school. Apunts: Educacion Fisica y Deportes, 2000; 61: 37-47
  • Da Costa IT, Garganta J, Greco PJ, Mesquita I. Proposal for tactical assessment of Soccer player’s behaviour, regarding core principles of the game. Motriz, 2011; 17: 511-524
  • French KE, Werner PH, Rink JE, Taylor K, Hussey K. The effects of a 3 week unit of tactical, skill, or combined tactical and skill instruction in badminton performance of ninth-grade students. J Teach Phys Educ, 1996; 15: 418-438
  • French K, Thomas J. The relation of knowledge development to children’s basketball performance. J Sport Psychol, 1987; 9: 15-32
  • García-lópez LM, González S, Gutiérrez D, Serra J. Development and validation of the Game Performance Evaluation Tool (GPET) in soccer. SportTK. Revista Euroamericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 2013; 2: 111-129
  • González S, García-López LM, Pastor JC, Contreras OR. Tactical awareness and decision making in youth soccer players (10 years). Rev Psicol Deporte, 2011; 20: 79-97
  • González S, García-López LM, Gutiérrez D, Contreras OR. Tactical awareness and decision making in youth soccer players (12 years): A descriptive study. Infanc Aprendiz, 2010; 33: 489-501[WoS]
  • González S, García-López LM, Gutiérrez D, Pastor JC. Game performance assessment in (2 vs. 2) in youth soccer players (10 years). Revista de Investigación en Educación, 2012; 10: 115-126 Available in: http://webs.uvigo.es/reined/ojs/index.php/reined/article/view/391
  • Griffin L, Mitchell S, Oslin J. Teaching sport concepts and skills: a tactical games approach. Champaign, I.L.: Human Kinetics; 1997
  • Gutiérrez D, García-López LM. Assessment of primary school students’ decision-making related to tactical contexts. New approaches to Educational Research, 2012a; 1: 7-12 Available in: http://naerjournal.ua.es/article/view/10
  • Gutiérrez D, García-López LM. Gender differences in the game behaviour in invasion games. J Teach Phys Educ, 2012b; 17: 289-301 doi: 10.1080/17408989.2012.690379[Crossref]
  • Gutiérrez D, González S, García-López LM, Mitchell S. Differences in decision-making development between expert and novice invasion game players. Percept Motor Skill, 2011; 112: 871-888. doi: 10.2466/[WoS][Crossref]
  • Harvey S, Jarrett K. A review of the game-centred approaches to teaching and coaching literature since
  • 2006. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2013 doi:10.1080/17408989.2012.754005[Crossref]
  • Kirk D, MacDonald D. Situated learning in physical education. J Teach Phys Educ, 1998; 17: 376 -387
  • Launder AG. Play practice: the games approach to teaching and coaching sports. Champaign, I.L: Human Kinetics; 2001
  • Light R, Fawns R. The thinking body: constructivist approaches to games teaching in physical education.
  • Melbourne Studies in Education, 2001; 42: 69 -87
  • Mitchell SA, Griffin LL, Oslin JL. Tactical awareness as a developmentally appropriate focus for the teaching of games in elementary and secondary physical education. Physical Educator, 1994; 51: 21-28
  • Mitchell SA, Oslin JL, Griffin LL. Sport Fundations for Elementary Physical Education. A Tactical Games Approach.
  • Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2003
  • Mitchell SA, Oslin JL, Griffin LL. Teaching Sport Concepts and Skills: A Tactical Games Approach. (3rd Ed.).
  • Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2013
  • Nevett M, Rovegno I, Babiarz M, McCaughtry N. Changes in Basic Tactics and Motor Skills in an Invasion- Type Game After a 12-Lesson Unit of Instruction. J Teach Phys Educ, 2001; 20: 353-369
  • Oslin JL, Mitchell SA. Game-centered approaches to teaching physical education’, Eds: O'sullivan M, Kirk D; Macdonald D. Handbook of Physical Education. Champaign, I.L.: Human Kinetics, 627-650; 2006
  • Renshaw I, Chow JY, Davids K, Hammond J. A constraints-led perspective to understanding skill acquisition and game play: a basis for integration of motor learning theory and physical education praxis? Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2010; 15: 117-137
  • Sánchez-Mora D, García-López LM, Solera I, Del Valle S. Spanish school students’ knowledge of invasion games. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2011; 16: 251-264
  • Tan CWK, Chow JY, Davids K. How does TGFU work?: examining the relationship between learning design in TGFU and a nonlinear pedagogy. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2012; 17: 331-348
  • Thorpe R, Bunker D, Almond L. Rethinking games teaching. Loughborough, UK: Loughborough University; 1986
  • Vincent W. Statistics in Kinesiology (3rd Edition). Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2005

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.