Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2014 | 41 | 1 | 125-132

Article title

Effects of Strength Training Combined with Specific Plyometric exercises on body composition, vertical jump height and lower limb strength development in elite male handball players: a case study


Title variants

Languages of publication



The purpose of the present study was to identify the effects of a strength training program combined with specific plyometric exercises on body composition, vertical jump (VJ) height and strength development of lower limbs in elite male handball players. A 12-week program with combined strength and specific plyometric exercises was carried out for 7 weeks. Twelve elite male handball players (age: 21.6 ± 1.73) competing in the Portuguese Major League participated in the study. Besides the anthropometric measurements, several standardized jump tests were applied to assess VJ performance together with the strength development of the lower limbs in an isokinetic setting. No significant changes were found in body circumferences and diameters. Body fat content and fat mass decreased by 16.4 and 15.7% respectively, while lean body mass increased by 2.1%. Despite small significance, there was in fact an increase in squat jump (SJ), counter movement jump (CMJ) and 40 consecutive jumps after the training period (6.1, 3.8 and 6.8%, respectively). After the applied protocol, peak torque increased in lower limb extension and flexion in the majority of the movements assessed at 90°s-1. Consequently, it is possible to conclude that combining general strength-training with plyometric exercises can not only increase lower limb strength and improve VJ performance but also reduce body fat content.









Physical description


1 - 6 - 2014
8 - 7 - 2014


  • Research Center in Sports Science, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Portugal.
  • Human Movement Laboratory - Higher Education Institute of Maia (ISMAI), Portugal.
  • Human Movement Laboratory - Higher Education Institute of Maia (ISMAI), Portugal.
  • Research Center in Sports Science, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Portugal.
  • Human Movement Laboratory - Higher Education Institute of Maia (ISMAI), Portugal.


  • Adams K, O'Shea J, O'Shea K, Cleimstein M. The effect of six weeks of squat, plyometric and squat plyometric training on power production. J Appl Sport Sci Res,1992; 6: 36-41
  • Beni M. Determining the Effect of Concurrent Strength-endurance Training on Aerobic Power and Body Composition in Non-athletic Male Students. Ann Biol Res,2012; 3: 395-401
  • Bobbert MF. Drop Jumping as a Training Method for Jumping Ability. Sports Med,1990; 9(1): 7-22[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Bosco C, Luhtanen P, Komi PV. A Simple Method for Measurement of Mechanical Power in Jumping. Eur J Appl Physiol O,1983; 50(2): 273-282[Crossref]
  • Enoka RM. Neural adaptations with chronic physical activity. J Biomech,1997; 30(5): 447-455[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Fatouros I, Jamurtas A, Leontsini D, Taxildaris K, Aggelousis N, Kostopoulos N, Buckenmeyer P. Evaluation of plyometric exercise training, weight training, and their combination on vertical jumping performance and leg strength. J Strength Cond Res,2000; 14: 470-476
  • Faulkner JA. Physiology of swimming and diving.Baltimore: Academic Press; 1968 Fleck SJ, Mattie C, Martensen HC. Effect of resistance and aerobic training on regional body composition in previously recreationally trained middle-aged women. Appl Physiol Nutr Me,2006; 31(3): 261-270
  • Fry AC, Kraemer WJ, Weseman CA, Conroy BP, Gordon SE, Hoffman JR, Maresh CM. The effects of an offseason strength and conditioning program on starters and non-starters in women's intercollegiate volleyball. J Appl Sport Sci Res,1991; 5(4): 174-181
  • Gorostiaga EM, Izquierdo M, Ruesta M, Iribarren J, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ, Ibanez J. Strength training effects on physical performance and serum hormones in young soccer players. Eur J Appl Physiol,2004; 91(5-6): 698-707[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Hakkinen K, Pakarinen A, Kraemer WJ, Newton RU, Alen M. Basal concentrations and acute responses of serum hormones and strength development during heavy resistance training in middle-aged and elderly men and women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci,2000; 55(2): B95-105
  • Harris G, Stone MH, O'Bryant H, Proulx C, Johnson R. Short-term performance effects of high speed, high force, or combined weight training methods. J Strength Cond Res,2000; 14: 14-20
  • Humphries BJ, Newton RU, Wilson GJ. The Effect of a Braking Device in Reducing the Ground Impact Forces Inherent in Plyometric Training. Int J Sports Med,1995; 16(2): 129-133[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Impellizzeri FM, Marcora SM, Castagna C, Reilly T, Sassi A, Iaia FM, Rampinini E. Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific aerobic training in soccer players. Int J Sports Med, 2006; 27(6): 483-492[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Issurin V. New Horizons for the Methodology and Physiology of Training Periodization Block Periodization: New Horizon or a False Dawn? Reply. Sports Med,2010; 40(9): 805-807[Crossref][WoS]
  • Komi PV. Stretch-shortening cycle: a powerful model to study normal and fatigued muscle. J Biomech,2000; 33(10): 1197-1206[Crossref][PubMed]
  • Luebbers PE, Potteiger JA, Hulver MW, Thyfault JP, Carper MJ, Lockwood RH. Effects of plyometric training and recovery on vertical jump performance and anaerobic power. J Strength Cond Res,2003; 17(4): 704-709[PubMed]
  • Maffiuletti NA, Dugnani S, Folz M, Di Pierno E, Mauro F. Effect of combined electrostimulation and plyometric training on vertical jump height. Med Sci Sport Exer,2002; 34(10): 1638-1644[Crossref]
  • Marques MAC, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ. In-season resistance training and detraining in professional team handball players. J Strength Cond Res,2006; 20(3): 563-571[PubMed]
  • Marques MC, Tillaar R, Vescovi JD, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ. Changes in strength and power performance in elite senior female professional volleyball players during the in-season: a case study. J Strength Cond Res, 2008; 22(4): 1147-1155[Crossref][WoS][PubMed]
  • Mero A, Leikas A, Knuutinen J, Hulmi JJ, Kovanen V. Effect of strength training session on plasma amino acid concentration following oral ingestion of leucine, BCAAs or glutamine in men. Eur J Appl Physiol,2009; 105(2): 215-223[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • Moore DR, Burgomaster KA, Schofield LM, Gibala MJ, Sale DG, Phillips SM. Neuromuscular adaptations in human muscle following low intensity resistance training with vascular occlusion. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004; 92(4-5): 399-406[PubMed]
  • Ozmun JC, Mikesky AE, Surburg PR. Neuromuscular adaptations following prepubescent strength training. Med Sci Sports Exerc,1994; 26(4): 510-514[PubMed]
  • Quagliarella L, Sasanelli N, Belgiovine G, Moretti L, Moretti B. Evaluation of Standing Vertical Jump by Ankles Acceleration Measurement. J Strength Cond Res,2010; 24(5): 1229-1236[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Rimmer E, Sleivert G. Effects of a plyometrics intervention program on sprint performance. J Strength CondRes,2000; 14(3): 295-301
  • Rogulj N, Srhoj V, Srhoj L. The contribution of collective attack tactics in differentiating handball score efficiency. Collegium Antropol,2004; 28(2): 739-746
  • Siri W. Body composition from fluid space and density.Washington D.C.: Brozek & A. Hanschel; 1961
  • van den Tillaar R, Ettema G. A three-dimensional analysis of overarm throwing in experienced handball players. J Appl Biomech,2007; 23(1): 12-19
  • Verkhoshansky Y. Special Strength Training - A Pratical Manual for Coaches.Michigan, USA: Ultimate Athlete Concepts; 2006
  • Wilson GJ, Newton RU, Murphy AJ, Humphries BJ. The Optimal Training Load for the Development of Dynamic Athletic Performance. Med Sci Sport Exer,1993; 25(11): 1279-1286
  • Zatsiorsky V, Kraemer W. Science and Practice of Strength Training:Human Kinetics, Second ed; 2006

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.