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2014 | 41 | 1 | 71-79

Article title

Effects of Regular Physical Exercises in the Water on the Metabolic Profile of Women with Abdominal Obesity


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Recreational physical exercise in the water is predominantly based on aerobic metabolism. Since it involves both carbohydrate and lipid sources of energy, aqua aerobics has a beneficial effect on metabolism of these substrates. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of a 3 month aqua aerobics training program on the metabolic profile of women with abdominal obesity. The study sample comprised 32 women aged 41-72 years. Somatic characteristics and variables characterizing carbohydrate and lipid metabolism were measured before the commencement and after the completion of the training program. During the 2nd measurement all mean anthropometric variables were found to be significantly lower (p<0.01). In the blood lipid profile, the concentrations of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HOMAIR were significantly lower (p<0.01). Furthermore, the levels of fasting triglycerides, glucose and insulin were reduced significantly (p<0.05) after the training program. The aqua aerobics program contributed to positive changes in lipid metabolism, anthropometric variables, as well as the fasting insulin, glucose levels and insulin resistance index in women with abdominal obesity.










Physical description


1 - 6 - 2014
8 - 7 - 2014


  • Department of Hygiene, Chair of Physiology, Biochemistry and Hygiene, University School of Physical Education in Poznan, Poland.
  • Department of Hygiene, Chair of Physiology, Biochemistry and Hygiene, University School of Physical Education in Poznan, Poland.


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