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2013 | 38 | 53-61

Article title

Are Various Forms of Locomotion-Speed Diverse or Unique Performance Quality?


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The forward-sprint is considered to be, and is regularly performed as, a unique measure of “on-ground” linearspeed performance. Thus far, no investigation has simultaneously studied different forms of linear-speed or investigated whether different forms of linear-speed should be observed as unique performance quality. The purpose of this study was to determine (I) the achievements (i.e. execution time), and (II) the reliability and inter-relationships between various linear-speed performances. The participants were 42 male physical education students with substantial sport-specific backgrounds. We applied a total of six tests: three quadrupedal (supine backward, supine forward, and pronate backward locomotion) and three bipedal-performances (forward sprinting, backward sprinting, lateral shuffling). All of the tests showed appropriate reliability parameters (Cronbach Alpha ranged from 0.91 to 0.97; Inter-Item-R 0.78-0.92; Coefficient-of-Variation 1.3-9.1). The tests used in this study shared between 9% and 50% of the common variance. Our results suggest that different activities require activity-specific tests of linear-speed. This is particularly significant in those sports and activities in which quadrupedal locomotion patterns are highly important (wrestling, physically trained military services, law enforcement, fire and rescue, protective services).







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1 - 09 - 2013
08 - 10 - 2013


  • University of Mostar, Faculty of Natural Science, Mathematics and Education, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • University of Mostar, Faculty of Natural Science, Mathematics and Education, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • University of Mostar, Faculty of Natural Science, Mathematics and Education, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • University of Mostar, Faculty of Natural Science, Mathematics and Education, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • University of Split, Faculty of Kinesiology, Split, Croatia
  • University of Split, Department of Health Care Studies, Split, Croatia


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